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易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

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het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:








大壮

34. Da Zhuang

the Power of the Great



<
上六:羝羊触藩,不能退,不能遂,无攸利,艰则吉。

Six at the top means:

A goat butts against a hedge.
It cannot go backward, it cannot go forward.
Nothing serves to further.
If one notes the difficulty, this brings good fortune.



If we venture too far we come to a deadlock, unable either to advance or to retreat and whatever we do merely serves to complicate thing further. Such obstinacy leads to insuperable difficulties. But if, realizing the situation, we compose ourselves and decide not to continue, everything will right itself in time.
六五:丧羊于易,无悔。

Six in the fifth place means:

Loses the goat with ease.
No remorse.



The goat is noted for hardness outwardly and weakness within. Now the situation is such that everything is easy; there is no more resistance. One can give up a belligerent, stubborn way of acting and will not have to regret it.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九四:贞吉悔亡,藩决不羸,壮于大舆之輹。

Nine in the fourth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
The hedge opens; there is no entanglement.
Power depends upon the axle of a big cart.



If a man goes on quietly and perseveringly working at the removal of resistances, success comes in the end. The obstructions give way and all occasion for remorse arising from excessive use of power disappears.
Such a man's power does not show externally, yet it can move heavy loads, like a big cart whose real strength lies in its axle. The less that power is applied outwardly, the greater its effect.
九三:小人用壮,君子用罔,贞厉。羝羊触藩,羸其角。

Nine in the third place means:

The inferior man works through power.
The superior man does not act thus.
To continue is dangerous.
A goat butts against a hedge
And gets its horns entangled.



Making a boast of power leads to entanglements, just as a goat entangles its horns when it butts against a hedge. Whereas an inferior man revels in power when he comes into possession of it, the superior man never makes this mistake. He is conscious at all times of the danger of pushing ahead regardless of circumstances, and therefore renounces in good time the empty display of force.
九二:贞吉。

Nine in the second place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.



The premise here is that the gates to success are beginning to open. Resistance gives way and we forge ahead. This is the point at which, only too easily, we become the prey of exuberant self-confidence. This is why the oracle says that perseverance (i.e., perseverance in inner equilibrium, without excessive use of power) brings good fortune.
初九:壮于趾,征凶,有孚。

Nine at the beginning means:

Power in the toes.
Continuing brings misfortune.
This is certainly true.



The toes are in the lowest place and are ready to advance. So likewise great power in lowly station is inclined to effect advance by force. This, if carried further, would certainly lead to misfortune, and therefore by way of advice a warning is added.
the Sign of hexagram the Power of the Great lis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

The great lines, that is, the light, strong lines, are powerful. Four light lines have entered the hexagram from below and are about to ascend higher. The upper trigram is Zhen, the Arousing; the lower is Qian, the Creative. Qian is strong, Zhen produces movement. The union of movement and strength gives the meaning of the Power of the Great. The hexagram is linked with the second month (March-April).

The sequence:
Things cannot retreat forever, hence there follows the Power of the Great.

Miscellaneous notes:
The meaning of the Power of the Great shows itself in the fact that one pauses.

Appended judgments:
In the most ancient times people dwelt in caves and lived in forests. The holy men of a later time made the change to buildings. At the top was a ridgepole, and sloping down from it there was a roof, to keep off wind and rain. They probably took this from the hexagram of the Power of the Great.
The four strong lines taken together are regarded as a ridgepole, as also in the hexagram Da Guo, Preponderance of the Great (28). The two divided lines at the top represent rain and wind.The hexagram can be thought of as formed by the lines of Dui taken twice each. Dui has the sheep (or goat) for its animal, hence the goat is used as an image in several of the lines. The two upper lines are the horns.
It is the contrast between power and violent force that is expressed in the meaning of the hexagram. In structure it is the inverse of the preceding one.
the Judgement for hexagram the Power of the Great lis:

大壮:利贞。

The Power of the Great.
Perseverance furthers.



The hexagram points to a time when inner worth mounts with great force and comes to power. But its strength has already passed beyond the median line, hence there is danger that one may rely entirely on one's own power and forget to ask what is right. There is danger too that, being intent on movement, we may not wait for the right time. Therefore the added statement that perseverance furthers. For that is truly great power which does not degenerate into mere force but remains inwardly united with the fundamental principles of right and of justice. When we understand this point - namely, that greatness and justice must be indissolubly united - we understand the true meaning of all that happens in heaven and on earth.

Commentary on the Decision:

The Power of the Great means that the great are powerful. Strong in movement - this is the basis of power.
“The Power of the Great. Perseverance furthers,” for what is great must be right.
Great and right: thus we can behold the relations of heaven and earth.

大壮,大者壮也。刚以动,故壮。大壮利贞;大者正也。正大而天地之情可见矣!

The Power of the Great means that the great are powerful. Strong in movement - this is the basis of power.
“The Power of the Great. Perseverance furthers”, for what is great must be right.
Great and right: thus we can behold the relations of heaven and earth.



The hexagram linked with the first month is Tai, Peace: z. Although in it the light lines are advancing, they are not yet in the majority.
The hexagram correlated with the third month is hexagram 43: g Guai, Break-through. In this instance the light lines are markedly in the majority, but downfall is already imminent.
Neither of these situations can be said to denote power.But the presence of four yang lines [in Da Zhuang] indicates power. Strength is the attribute of the inner trigram, the Creative, and movement that of the outer, the Arousing. Strength makes it possible to master the egotism of the sensual drives; movement makes it possible to execute the firm decision of the will. In this way all things can be attained. This is the foundation upon which power rests. When the statement is made that what is great must be right, it means not that great and right are two different things, but that without rightness there is no greatness. The relations of heaven and earth are never other than great and right.
the Image going with hexagram the Power of the Great lis:

雷在天上,大壮;君子以非礼勿履。

Thunder in heaven above:
The image of the Power of the Great.
Thus the superior man does not tread upon paths
That do not accord with established order.



Thunder - electrical energy - mounts upward in the spring. The direction of this movement is in harmony with that of the movement of heaven. It is therefore a movement in accord with heaven, producing great power. However, true greatness depends on being in harmony with what is right. Therefore in times of great power the superior man avoids doing anything that is not in harmony with the established order.




the nuclear hexagram:

43. Guai
Break-through (Resoluteness)

g
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

The great lines, that is, the light, strong lines, are powerful. Four light lines have entered the hexagram from below and are about to ascend higher. The upper trigram is Zhen, the Arousing; the lower is Qian, the Creative. Qian is strong, Zhen produces movement. The union of movement and strength gives the meaning of the Power of the Great. The hexagram is linked with the second month (March-April).

The sequence:
Things cannot retreat forever, hence there follows the Power of the Great.

Miscellaneous notes:
The meaning of the Power of the Great shows itself in the fact that one pauses.

Appended judgments:
In the most ancient times people dwelt in caves and lived in forests. The holy men of a later time made the change to buildings. At the top was a ridgepole, and sloping down from it there was a roof, to keep off wind and rain. They probably took this from the hexagram of the Power of the Great.
The four strong lines taken together are regarded as a ridgepole, as also in the hexagram Da Guo, Preponderance of the Great (28). The two divided lines at the top represent rain and wind.The hexagram can be thought of as formed by the lines of Dui taken twice each. Dui has the sheep (or goat) for its animal, hence the goat is used as an image in several of the lines. The two upper lines are the horns.
It is the contrast between power and violent force that is expressed in the meaning of the hexagram. In structure it is the inverse of the preceding one.


the Judgement:

大壮:利贞。

The Power of the Great.
Perseverance furthers.



The hexagram points to a time when inner worth mounts with great force and comes to power. But its strength has already passed beyond the median line, hence there is danger that one may rely entirely on one's own power and forget to ask what is right. There is danger too that, being intent on movement, we may not wait for the right time. Therefore the added statement that perseverance furthers. For that is truly great power which does not degenerate into mere force but remains inwardly united with the fundamental principles of right and of justice. When we understand this point - namely, that greatness and justice must be indissolubly united - we understand the true meaning of all that happens in heaven and on earth.

Commentary on the Decision:

The Power of the Great means that the great are powerful. Strong in movement - this is the basis of power.
“The Power of the Great. Perseverance furthers,” for what is great must be right.
Great and right: thus we can behold the relations of heaven and earth.

大壮,大者壮也。刚以动,故壮。大壮利贞;大者正也。正大而天地之情可见矣!

The Power of the Great means that the great are powerful. Strong in movement - this is the basis of power.
“The Power of the Great. Perseverance furthers”, for what is great must be right.
Great and right: thus we can behold the relations of heaven and earth.



The hexagram linked with the first month is Tai, Peace: z. Although in it the light lines are advancing, they are not yet in the majority.
The hexagram correlated with the third month is hexagram 43: g Guai, Break-through. In this instance the light lines are markedly in the majority, but downfall is already imminent.
Neither of these situations can be said to denote power.But the presence of four yang lines [in Da Zhuang] indicates power. Strength is the attribute of the inner trigram, the Creative, and movement that of the outer, the Arousing. Strength makes it possible to master the egotism of the sensual drives; movement makes it possible to execute the firm decision of the will. In this way all things can be attained. This is the foundation upon which power rests. When the statement is made that what is great must be right, it means not that great and right are two different things, but that without rightness there is no greatness. The relations of heaven and earth are never other than great and right.


the Image:

雷在天上,大壮;君子以非礼勿履。

Thunder in heaven above:
The image of the Power of the Great.
Thus the superior man does not tread upon paths
That do not accord with established order.



Thunder - electrical energy - mounts upward in the spring. The direction of this movement is in harmony with that of the movement of heaven. It is therefore a movement in accord with heaven, producing great power. However, true greatness depends on being in harmony with what is right. Therefore in times of great power the superior man avoids doing anything that is not in harmony with the established order.


the Lines:


上六:羝羊触藩,不能退,不能遂,无攸利,艰则吉。

Six at the top means:

A goat butts against a hedge.
It cannot go backward, it cannot go forward.
Nothing serves to further.
If one notes the difficulty, this brings good fortune.



If we venture too far we come to a deadlock, unable either to advance or to retreat and whatever we do merely serves to complicate thing further. Such obstinacy leads to insuperable difficulties. But if, realizing the situation, we compose ourselves and decide not to continue, everything will right itself in time.


六五:丧羊于易,无悔。

Six in the fifth place means:

Loses the goat with ease.
No remorse.



The goat is noted for hardness outwardly and weakness within. Now the situation is such that everything is easy; there is no more resistance. One can give up a belligerent, stubborn way of acting and will not have to regret it.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九四:贞吉悔亡,藩决不羸,壮于大舆之輹。

Nine in the fourth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
The hedge opens; there is no entanglement.
Power depends upon the axle of a big cart.



If a man goes on quietly and perseveringly working at the removal of resistances, success comes in the end. The obstructions give way and all occasion for remorse arising from excessive use of power disappears.
Such a man's power does not show externally, yet it can move heavy loads, like a big cart whose real strength lies in its axle. The less that power is applied outwardly, the greater its effect.


九三:小人用壮,君子用罔,贞厉。羝羊触藩,羸其角。

Nine in the third place means:

The inferior man works through power.
The superior man does not act thus.
To continue is dangerous.
A goat butts against a hedge
And gets its horns entangled.



Making a boast of power leads to entanglements, just as a goat entangles its horns when it butts against a hedge. Whereas an inferior man revels in power when he comes into possession of it, the superior man never makes this mistake. He is conscious at all times of the danger of pushing ahead regardless of circumstances, and therefore renounces in good time the empty display of force.


九二:贞吉。

Nine in the second place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.



The premise here is that the gates to success are beginning to open. Resistance gives way and we forge ahead. This is the point at which, only too easily, we become the prey of exuberant self-confidence. This is why the oracle says that perseverance (i.e., perseverance in inner equilibrium, without excessive use of power) brings good fortune.


初九:壮于趾,征凶,有孚。

Nine at the beginning means:

Power in the toes.
Continuing brings misfortune.
This is certainly true.



The toes are in the lowest place and are ready to advance. So likewise great power in lowly station is inclined to effect advance by force. This, if carried further, would certainly lead to misfortune, and therefore by way of advice a warning is added.