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Fu Xi Earlier Heaven bagua arrangement
易經
the Hexagrams, Index

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Ancient Chinese coins

易經
het Hexagrammenboek

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Heaven: the Creative
The Heaven trigram consists entirely of three whole lines. These whole lines represent the Yang principle in the universe. Yang is action, movement, doing something. It also stands for the spiritual, the intangible, and the light. It is the father of all eight trigrams, thus indicating the male, guiding principle. It means giving, coming out, taking the lead, taking action. Heaven is the creative, initiating force in our universe. It is the intention, the idea, the will and goal oriented. It is the ultimate Yang force, the guiding, directional effect in your life. - Let me be the invisible but guiding intention. -
• What it does: active deployment, deliberate and powerful decision making, focusing, taking the lead.
• What it shows: the light, higher, invisible and intangible, spirit, leadership, the strong, inexhaustible.




an ancient representation of this trigram





The Heaven as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: take the lead in your situation. Give guidance to others, deliberately dedicate yourself to your chosen goal. Focus on external factors that need guidance. Make your intention and ideas clear. Act forcefully and strong.
• What it shows: male dominance outside of you, a strong-willed person or environment, a ratio-driven external factor that wants to steer. A father figure.
• How to express it: Heaven as the upper trigram can mean that you want to carry out plans; you have ideas and want to set up something that gives recognition in your environment, and perhaps in society. You want to convey spiritual values ​​in the world. You want to mean something. In the worst case it can mean that you are stupid and stubborn.



The Heaven as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: find your inner motive. Focus on your intent, your motivation and your goal. Focus on your inner strength that sets everything in motion, the invisible energy that causes things to run according to your plan. Use your head, your intellect. Be strong inside.
• What it shows: inner strength, rationality and focus on aspects within yourself. Take charge of yourself, the spirituality behind your actions.
• How to express it: an inner force that makes you confident and decisive. You have energy in you, but do not immediately feel the need to do something with it. It is your driving force, your motivation. You are your own leader and independent of others. In the worst case it can mean that you are selfish, and an introvert to the extreme.



The Heaven as the upper nuclear trigram:
there is an urge to act as a leader or to show your own creativity. You have ideas that you want to achieve, but they remain in the concept phase.



The Heaven as the lower trigram trigram:
there is a strong father bond, or bonding with the fatherly. The inspiration that you feel inside can not be used. You have a direction but no goal.



The Heaven as the upper enveloping trigram:
There is a strong, masculine influence that imposes his will. The ratio has the upper hand. There is more thought in abstract theories where daily practice is not seen as leading. Ideas without concretization are an impeding factor.



The Heaven as the lower enveloping trigram:
There is a strong, masculine influence that imposes his will. The ratio has the upper hand. There is more thought in abstract theories where daily practice is not seen as leading. Ideas without concretization are an impeding factor.



The Heaven as the resonance trigram:
The relationship is characterized by, or needs, a common goal and focus. The noses are moving in the same direction, there is driven action and motivation to make the relationship and the chosen goal successful. There is a risk that concepts are overthought and that nothing concrete is achieved. The relationship can also have a strong male or business character.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Earth: the Receiving
The trigram Earth consists entirely of broken lines, Yin lines. Yin stands for the receptive, the open, the passive, the following. It stands for the tangible, the concrete, the dark and the heavy. It is the mother of all trigrams, and thus indicates the nourishing, caring principle. It means getting into the camera, following, standing still, experiencing. The Earth trigram is the executive. It makes matters concrete and visible, it converts intention into action and results. Earth stands for matter, the material that you can work with and that you can shape. It is passive in nature, but starts with the right input. - Give me your ideas and I will grow them to maturity. -
• What it does: receive, feed, care and give space. Realizing, making tangible. Follow the lead, execute plans with the desired result in mind.
• What it shows: an open character, the unprocessed field with potential, strong work that is boundlessly committed to the big picture. Service, the mother.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Earth as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: open up, be receptive to the needs in your surroundings and take care of them. Maintain a mental servility without having any expectations nor judgments about the work at hand. Make sure the work is done.
• What it shows: growth through the right nutrition. Wei wu wei - do without doing: an environment or a situation that by itself and by its own open attitude will develop to its destination.
• How to express it: Earth as the upper trigram can mean you open yourself to external influences. You want to experience the outside world, experience it without directing it yourself. You want to be helpful, supporting others. In the extreme case, it can mean that you are passive, and allow yourself to be guided too much by your environment and even used by others.



The Earth as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: be open to your inner growth. Give your own ideas and intentions the space to become concrete. Take care of yourself, be open to your own needs and focus on the possibilities you have to implement ideas and intentions. Answer inner questions without question or judgment.
• What it shows: the nurturing space within yourself, the inner mother, your strength to care for and to shape, to serve though not forbearing.
• How to express it: as the lower trigram, Earth can mean you open up to everything that lives within yourself, without boundaries or conditions. You accept your own character, emotions and actions without judgment. You have a calm attitude and you do not need to do anything, you prefer to come to yourself. In the extreme case it can mean that you are a slave of your own emotions, and you allow yourself to be guided too much by your passive side.



The Earth as the upper nuclear trigram:
you want to be open to your environment, but you do not know how to express it. Caring qualities are not used, the realization of earlier plans is not realized. The space that is available for growth is not used.



The Earth as the lower nuclear trigram:
there is a strong mother bond, or bonding with the maternal. You feel a void inside, a cavity that wants to fill up. You experience passivity and aimlessness and see no possibilities to solve this.



The Earth as the upper envelope trigram:
There is a passive attitude and the tendency to let things take their course. There is a lack of guidance; one is shielded by the female or motherly, the Yin. There is a dominant focus on the material, tangible and demonstrable result. You can easily be influenced.



The Earth as the lower envelope trigram:
There is a passive attitude and the tendency to let things take their course. There is a lack of guidance; one is shielded by the female or motherly, the Yin. There is a dominant focus on the material, tangible and demonstrable result. You can easily be influenced.



The Earth as the resonance trigram:
Both parties have an open attitude towards each other and want to support each other. They have an eye for each other's needs, and want to mutually meet this. Production, concrete result is a common interest. There is a chance that both parties will show a passive-waiting attitude, as a result of which the intended result will not get off the ground. It is expected that the other person will take the initiative.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Lake: the Joyous
The trigram Lake stands for the joyous, the relaxation, the positive outlook on life, carefree. It stands for creativity that comes from consideration. It means the deeper feelings, the inner source where is drawn from to give meaning to your life. It stands for unconventional means, magic and religious reflection. Positive energy can break through a dominant negativism. - I am the positive force that gives meaning to your life destiny. -
• What it does: face the world in a tidy and carefree way, not hampered by responsibilities or obligations. The Lake trigram makes things enjoyable. It cannot be influenced by negative elements, as a result of which these elements will dissolve out of powerlessness. The Lake is averse to rules and conventions; it does what is necessary to reach one's own inner Sense, regardless of prescribed structures and expectations.
• What it shows: the beauty in existence, the cheerful, pleasant and the satisfaction that can be achieved in every situation. The trackless paths of a free spirit.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Lake as the upper primary trigram:
• What it demands: positive commitment and also find the same positivity outside yourself. Be stubborn, but without hurting. Be an example that others can mirror.
• What it shows: the opening in the wall, the poetry of the universal rhythm, carefree naivety in dealing with your surroundings. Open-mindedness that can not be precipitated.
• How to express it: as an upper trigram, the Lake can mean that you have a positive view of the world and your situation. You do not really worry, and you want to share your carefree with others. You are frank, you do not turn your heart into a murder pit. You are a mirror for your environment. In the worst case it can mean that you are childish naive, you do not care about your surroundings, and you do not dare to face real problems.



The Lake as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: inner satisfaction. Be your own source of inspiration and carefree. Dare to look outside your built-in structures. Focus on unexpected possibilities that you would not normally use quickly.
• What it shows: your inner source, the inexhaustible positive power of your deepest being. The mirror of your soul, your unique personality as a carrier of your qualities.
• How to express it: as a lower trigram, the Lake can mean that you have a rich inner life. You are aware of your feelings and what they mean to you. You have a lot of confidence and do not worry about the future. Your feelings are your inspiration, but you can not buy them here. In the worst case, you drown in your own emotional world and depression and denial of your weaker side can be the result.



The Lake as upper nuclear trigram:
there is a positive-naive side that wants to go out. The child wants to be seen in yourself. You have the need not to conform to the expectations of others.



The Lake as the lower nuclear trigram:
the positive side of your character is tucked away. You become uncertain of your own optimism and you may wonder if it is justified. Your source is not fed - your inner Lake is being blocked.



The Lake as upper enveloping trigram:
A naive view of the cases where responsibilities are ignored or denied keeps progress in its grip. An adult attitude is lacking; the ball is always reflected back. Unconventional means or decisions that fall outside the set framework are an impeding factor.



The Lake as lower enveloping trigram:
A naive view of the cases where responsibilities are ignored or denied keeps progress in its grip. An adult attitude is lacking; the ball is always reflected back. Unconventional means or decisions that fall outside the set framework are an impeding factor.



The Lake as resonance trigram:
In this relationship there is room for airiness, it should not become too heavy or serious. The relationship is characterized by a positive atmosphere. Fun and giving meaning are important elements that maintain the relationship. The downside is that responsibilities are evaded and that important or difficult tasks and decisions are played back over and over again.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Fire: the Clinging
The trigram Fire stands for the light, the truth. It is that which unmasks the lie and dispels the darkness. It means entering into commitments; you merge with something or someone else. Het Vuur stands for searching for something that can give meaning to your life. The trigram Fire is warmth, clarity and insight. The own truth as certainty to which one attaches. Fire enters into relationships and clings to what it feeds. - I am the light that shows what you value. -
• What it does: connect, use, transform and reduce to the essence. Bringing the truth to light. Commitment. In this way the Fire protects the small spark that would otherwise die out.
• What it shows: the reality as it is. The importance of commitments. It reveals what is essentially needed.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Fire as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: show your own truth. Be involved, dare to attach to that what transformations can bring about. Trust your own insights.
• What it shows: your dependence on your environment, something outside yourself that can feed you so that you can give back heat.
• How to express it: as an upper trigram, Fire can mean that you value the opinion of others. You find it important to fight injustice and to tell your own vision about it to others. You feel at home in groups, and like to work together. In the extreme case it can mean that you are pushy, and possessive.



The Fire as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: face your own truth: connect with that which defines you as a unique person and let this be your motivation. Be aware of your inner fire, your passion.
• What it shows: the power source that burns your fire. Your defense mechanism to protect your soft sides. Your heart.
• How to express it: Fire as the bottom trigram can mean that you are looking for the truth in yourself, instead of in your environment. Your own norms and values ​​are more important to you than those of society. You adhere to principles, and you have a rational impact. In the extreme case it may mean that you see your own principles as the only and correct truth, and are not open to the truth of others, or that you are too attached to your own conscience.



The Fire as the upper nuclear trigram:
your own insights do not come outwards. You have vision, but see no opportunities to share it. The truth is inside, but does not want to stay there. You are afraid to attach yourself, to connect to that outside of yourself what you can feed.



The Fire as the bottom nuclear trigram:
you cherish your own truth and insights as a precious treasure. Its value for the world has not yet penetrated you. Your inner Fire can not grow.



The Fire as the upper enveloping trigram:
One is dependent on, is too attached to one's own vision and personal imagery. People are proud of relationships with others without these connections being nourishing in the current situation. The external form goes beyond the substantive function.



The Fire as the lower enveloping trigram:
One is dependent on, is too attached to one's own vision and personal imagery. People are proud of relationships with others without these connections being nourishing in the current situation. The external form goes beyond the substantive function.



The Fire as the resonance trigram:
Fire is the ultimate trigram of relationships. A characteristic of this relationship is that the connection between both parties is very strong. One feeds each other, but there is a risk that one cannot live without the other, so that the relationship becomes obsessive or addictive. People can no longer see each other as individuals.


You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Wind: the Gentle
The Wind trigram stands for curiosity and flexibility. It means perseverance from meekness, and compliance without violating your own principles. De Wind stands for thoroughness, exchange and communication. The trigram is also called 'The Wood'. The Wind symbolizes a soft, penetrating force that continues continuously and does not give up. Small steps without hurry. He is curious and knows no boundaries. De Wind is invisibly present and ensures long-lasting results. De Wind promotes, smoothes, creates balance and balance. - I am the roots of the tree that break the hardest stone through perseverance. -
• What it does: communicate, make long journeys, exert soft, almost imperceptible influence. Be active in the background. Continue, don't give up.
• What it shows: the details. Countless steps that, when viewed in isolation, seem trivial, but slowly work towards something big and lasting. The Butterfly Effect. (The Butterfly Effect is based on the idea that a small, apparently insignificant factor (such as the minute air displacement by butterfly wings) at location A has major consequences (eg a hurricane) for location B located a kilometer away.)


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Wind as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: concentrate on small steps and on details. Work in the long term. Provide a roadmap that you can accurately follow to the letter. Communicate; practice your influence in an unobtrusive way and ensure balance in your environment. Show willpower. Put the dots on the i.
• What it shows: seemingly insignificant influences from outside that ultimately have a lasting and irreversible effect. Ceaseless meekness without ulterior motives. Erosion that can make the highest mountains wear.
• How to express it: the Wind as the upper trigram can mean that you are curious, and would like to stay informed about what is happening in your area. You need exchange and are looking for balance. You have more need for details than the main lines. In the extreme case it can mean that you are fussy and only look at knowledge itself than at its value.



The Wind as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: subject yourself to an accurate self-examination. Be curious about your own motivations; create an inner dialogue. Be patient and steadfast. Do not give up. Ask yourself how you can give your own character permanence without doing the violence.
• What it shows: the power to keep going and not be discouraged by setbacks. Meekness towards your own abilities and limitations. The continuous search for balance in yourself.
• How to express it: as the bottom trigram, Wind can mean that you subject yourself to a thorough self-examination. You are looking for the causes that have made you what you are now. The 'why' is now important to you. You continue until you have the answers that you desire. In the extreme case it can mean that you look more closely at the separate parts of your being and your situation than at the whole. It can also indicate indecision.



The Wind as the upper nuclear trigram:
you feel the need to communicate, but you do not yet know how to express yourself well. You want to take small steps and produce a consistent result in the long term, but other factors hamper this.


The Wind as the lower nuclear trigram:
you miss an inner dialogue, and are unable to balance pros and cons in a balanced way. Indecision is the result.



The Wind as upper envelope trigram:
There is radiation and buttons are not cut. The focus is on communication and exchange back and forth without achieving anything. One is busy with details and loses the big lines in the eye. What is far away is more important than what is close.



The Wind as lower envelope trigram:
There is radiation and buttons are not cut. The focus is on communication and exchange back and forth without achieving anything. One is busy with details and loses the big lines in the eye. What is far away is more important than what is close.



The Wind as the resonance trigram:
The relationship is meek - harsh words won't fall soon. Communication is very important, it looks at the small things, the details. They strive for a long-term relationship that can last for years. There can be a tendency to become nitpicking and to lose control of the whole. You can no longer see the forest for the trees.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Mountain: Keeping Still
The Mountain trigram stands for rest, turning in and meditation. It means looking back at what has been, finishing, stopping and stopping. De Berg provides guidance, is concrete, takes a clear position and stands for a clear-cut position. De Berg is the big boundary. He stops processes, stops progress and preserves what is already there. He is silent, introverted and unwavering in his decisions. He holds on to what he knows and will ensure that it does not change. - I finish what others have started. -
• What it does: review, evaluate and contemplate. Take some distance and keep what has arisen earlier. Finish, prepare for a new start.
• What it shows: a border, a milestone. A refrigerator in which everything stays as it is. A private space that gives peace and tranquility.


an ancient representation of this trigram




The Mountain as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: set limits. Be unwavering, do not be fooled. Hold on to what you have and protect it, make sure it is not affected. Be reliable and clear. Around it.
• What it shows: an unyielding power that you can not ignore. Reliability that can not be influenced by grilling or the delusion of the day. A certainty you can build on. A closed and conservative moloch.
• How to express it: the Mountain as the upper trigram can mean that your environment is your grip. You are practical, more a doer than a thinker, and focused on results. You have one goal in mind and focus entirely on that, something more important is not there. You are steadfast and resolute. Also to your surroundings you make clear what you want to achieve. In the extreme case it can mean that you are stubborn, and more focused on the goal than on its consequences.



The Mountain as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: go inside, shut yourself off from outside influences. Put a point behind ongoing and lingering processes within yourself, around this in a way that gives you rest.
• What it shows: inner peace. The certainty of a stable mind. The boundaries within which your mind can function with confidence.
• How to express it: as a bottom trigram, Berg can mean that you need peace, meditation and contemplation. You are focused on your own processes and not on those of your environment. You seek guidance in your own values ​​and try to discover your own certainties. You want to do this yourself without the help of others. You do not need to interfere with your environment in yourself. In the extreme case it can mean that you completely isolate yourself, and no longer have an eye for the interaction between you and your environment.



The Mountain as upper nuclear trigram:
you seek a quiet point in yourself that helps you to deal with your daily activities. You have a strong meditative tendency, but are prevented from doing so. Your steadfastness and reliable attitude are not seen.



The Mountain as lower nuclear trigram:
you feel like you have a big secret in you that needs to be protected. This is your foothold, but you feel the threat of other factors that affect your inner security.



The Mountain as the upper enveloping trigram:
Stubbornness, an aversion to change or renewal hinders. There is a distant attitude, unwillingness to cooperate; one retreats into his own world. Obstacles are created that aim to maintain the status quo.



The Mountain as the lower enveloping trigram:
Stubbornness, an aversion to change or renewal hinders. There is a distant attitude, unwillingness to cooperate; one retreats into his own world. Obstacles are created that aim to maintain the status quo.



The Mountain as resonance trigram:
A relationship characterized by the trigram Mountain contains a strong degree of individuality. Both parties are strongly focused on themselves and mutually difficult to approach. Contact may be avoided, but everyone has a high degree of trust in the other. There is a risk that the relationship cannot grow due to rigidity and conservatism. Changes within the relationship can be a point of contention.


You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Water: the Abysmal
The trigram "The flowing Water" symbolizes the deep, the unconscious. It stands for what is hidden and is not easy to find. Your fears, doubts and uncertainties are represented by this trigram. It means taking risks, danger, and forces at work below the surface. The trigram Water is the feeling trigram. It does not control how it flows, this is determined by other factors other than Water. Where it will end up is uncertain, how the path is going to be is not certain in advance. The flowing Water stands for emotion, co-flowing without a clear goal. - I am the capricious dark road whose journey goes beyond the ultimate goal. -
• What it does: flow without purpose, explore depth, explore boundaries and use without crossing them, take risks. Feeling and experiencing fears without being controlled by them.
• What it shows: uncertainty through and with an emotional bond. Limitations due to external factors that hinder but do not prevent. The certainty that uncertainty can also take you where you need to be.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Water as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: do not resist the limits and restrictions that are imposed on you. Follow your own path within boundaries without worrying about a final destination. Accept that the erratic and uncertain circumstances can not be logically reasoned. The path you follow now appeals to your ability to release securities.
• What it shows: unreliable elements outside yourself where you want to have no control over. A situation that changes unpredictably. Patterns that only become visible when developments have followed their course.
• How to express it: as the upper trigram it can indicate that there is something in your environment, at least outside of you, that makes you insecure. You are influenced by events that affect you emotionally, your involvement is great. You are confronted with situations in which you are expected to make choices, while the choices may not always be clear to you. In the extreme case it can mean that external influences affect your decision-making skills, and you experience the environment as threatening.



The Water as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: do you face fears, doubts and uncertainties. Make sure your emotions can flow freely. Find the inner journey that has neither goal nor end, but is an essential part of your being.
• What it shows: the unconscious and unnameable part of your soul. The formless that adapts to the limits of it formed character.
• How to express it: can indicate the Water as the bottom trigram that you have doubts about the way you want to go and about the goal you want to achieve. You are influenced by feelings of which you do not know the origin and are uncertain about your own motivations. In the worst case it can mean that you are depressed, and see no possibilities to achieve what you want.



The Water as the upper nuclear trigram:
you have fears or doubts that occasionally come to the surface. However, your environment does not always see it. You have a free spirit that wants to be unbound and wants to take risks, but you are being stopped in this.



The Water as the bottom nuclear trigram:
your subconscious is mainly occupied at night; during the day there is no chance to come to the surface. Dreams are often the outlet valve. Emotions are stirring, but their relevance and meaning are completely unclear to you.



The Water as the upper enveloping trigram:
The fear and emotion are governing. An uncontrolled, insecure attitude without a concrete chosen goal determines the progress. Inferior elements with secret or even bad intentions are an inhibiting factor. There is a lack of certainty, there is no clear vision or policy.



The Water as the lower enveloping trigram:
The fear and emotion are governing. An uncontrolled, insecure attitude without a concrete chosen goal determines the progress. Inferior elements with secret or even bad intentions are an inhibiting factor. There is a lack of certainty, there is no clear vision or policy.



The Water as the resonance trigram:
This relationship is characterized by ambiguity, fear or doubts. People react and play on the emotion, there is no room for the ratio. If unreal sentiments play the leading role, the relationship can have deep troughs. The relationships are generally difficult and people do not know what is useful to each other. Distrust and insincere behavior can result.


You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Thunder: the Arousing
Thunder stands for intense energy, impulses, hard action and new ideas. He stands for a new beginning, unrestrainedness and spontaneity. The Thunder is short but intense and symbolizes powerful breakthroughs that last briefly but have radical consequences. The trigram Thunder is fast, direct and unstoppable. It is the sudden inspiration, the intuitive thought, the new invention. Thunder works in the short term, is resolute regardless of the possible consequences. - I am the shock that shakes the sleeping ghost. -
• What it does: initiate, confront and ensure absolute and radical change. Act quickly without detours. Set out the main lines.
• What it shows: the rough sketch, the framework, the rapid development. The big bang that ensures that you are inside in one go.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Thunder as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: take immediate action. Make your raw plans known. Let yourself be heard. The fist on the table. Make a new start, do not look back. Be inspired by your environment. Be resolute, do not be guided by possible consequences. Act according to your intuition.
• What it shows: unexpected and shocking changes. An environment that rebels, that overthrows the established order.
• How to express it: as an upper trigram, Thunder can mean that large and rapid changes take place in your environment. You see revolutions and revolutions taking place, or would like to bring about this yourself. What is happening now you would like to radically change. There are no calmer steps now. In the extreme case it can mean that you are like a bull in a china shop, and the long term consequences of your actions no longer sees.



The Thunder as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: put old insights aside. Renew yourself, let go of the past. Look ahead, make a new beginning and make this decision without the expectation that action must be taken immediately. Cut that Gordian knot.
• What it shows: the awakening insight. The sunlight of the dawn. Satori.
• How to express it: Thunder as the bottom trigram can mean that there are big revolutions in you. You are a whirlwind of energy that recounts everything you assure for sure. You stand for a new period in your life, and want to break with old habits. In the extreme case it can mean that you are blowing yourself up and are busy with self-destruction. You want to change too quickly.



The Thunder as the upper nuclear trigram:
you feel a strong urge to action, to performance and renewal, a new start, but is hampered in this. Your strong intuition finds no reception in your surroundings.



The Thunder as the bottom nuclear trigram:
you are driven by a primary force: spontaneity is your motive, but it is hindered. You want to renew yourself but do not know how.



The Thunder as the upper enveloping trigram:
One wants a (too) fast progress; the desire or demand for radical renewal without taking into account the consequences determines the situation. There are aggressive and rigorous forces at work that would rather see a revolution than that the current condition is maintained.



The Thunder as the lower enveloping trigram:
One wants a (too) fast progress; the desire or demand for radical renewal without taking into account the consequences determines the situation. There are aggressive and rigorous forces at work that would rather see a revolution than that the current condition is maintained.



The Thunder as the resonance trigram:
Fast and intense are appropriate words for a relationship that is characterized by Thunder. People are not so much concerned with the future, rather impulsiveness and instinct determine how one deals with each other to avoid rut at all costs. People need continuous change and are not always able to see whether that change is constructive or destructive. A relationship such as this runs the risk of being short-lived because expectations are high. These relationships are often short and powerful.



You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:










16. Yu

Enthusiasm



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上六:冥豫,成有渝,无咎。

Six at the top means:

Deluded enthusiasm.
But if after completion one changes,
There is no blame



It is a bad thing for a man to let himself be deluded by enthusiasm. But if this delusion has run its course, and he is still capable of changing, then he is freed of error. A sober awakening from false enthusiasm is quite possible and very favorable.
六五:贞疾,恒不死。

Six in the fifth place means:

Persistently ill, and still does not die.



Here enthusiasm is obstructed. A man is under constant pressure, which prevents him from breathing freely. However, this pressure has its advantage--it prevents him from consuming his powers in empty enthusiasm. Thus constant pressure can actually serve to keep one alive.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九四:由豫,大有得。勿疑。朋盍簪。

Nine in the fourth place means:

The source of enthusiasm.
He achieves great things.
Doubt not.
You gather friends around you
As a hair clasp gathers the hair.



This describes a man who is able to awaken enthusiasm through his own sureness and freedom from hesitation. He attracts people because he has no doubts and is wholly sincere. Owing to his confidence in them he wins their enthusiastic co-operation and attains success. Just as a clasp draws the hair together and hold it, so he draws man together by the support he gives them.
六三:盱豫,悔。迟有悔。

Six in the third place means:

Enthusiasm that looks upward creates remorse.
Hesitation brings remorse.



This line is the opposite of the preceding one: the latter bespeaks self-reliance, while here there is enthusiastic looking up to a leader. If a man hesitates too long, this also will bring remorse. The right moment for approach must be seized: only then will he do the right thing.
六二:介于石,不终日,贞吉。

Six in the second place means:

Firm as a rock. Not a whole day.
Perseverance brings good fortune.



This describes a person who does not allow himself to be misled by any illusions. While others are letting themselves be dazzled by enthusiasm, he recognizes with perfect clarity the first signs of the time. Thus he neither flatters those above nor neglects those beneath him; he is as firm as a rock. When the first sign of discord appears, he knows the right moment for withdrawing and does not delay even for a day. Perseverance in such conduct will bring good fortune.
Confucius says about this line:
To know the seeds, that is divine indeed. In his association with those above him, the superior man does not flatter. In his association with those beneath him, he is not arrogant. For he knows the seeds. The seeds are the first imperceptible beginning of movement, the first trace of good fortune (or misfortune) that shows itself. The superior man perceives the seeds and immediately takes actin. He does not wait even a whole day.

In the Book of Changes it is said:

"Firm as a rock. Not a whole day. Perseverance brings good fortune."
Firm as a rock, what need of a whole day?
The judgment can be known.
The superior man knows what is hidden and what is evident.
He knows weakness, he knows strength as well.
Hence the myriads look up to him.'
初六:鸣豫,凶。

Six at the beginning means:

Enthusiasm that expresses itself

Brings misfortune.



A man in an inferior position has aristocratic connections about which he boasts enthusiastically. This arrogance inevitably invites misfortune.
Enthusiasm should never be an egotistic emotion; it is justified only when it is a general feeling that unites one with others.
the Sign of hexagram Enthusiasm 9is:

the basic hexagrams:
   above Trigram Zhèn , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Kūn , the Receptive, the earth

the nuclear hexagrams:
   above Trigram Kǎn , the Abysmal, the water
   below Trigram Gèn , Keeping Still, the mountain

the enveloping hexagrams:
   above Trigram Kūn , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Kūn , the Receptive, the earth

the resonance trigram:
   Trigram Zhèn , the Arousing, the thunder

The strong line in the fourth place, that of the leading official, meets with response and obedience from all the other lines, which are all weak. The attribute of the upper trigram, Zhen, is movement; the attributes of Kun, the lower, are obedience and devotion. This begins a movement that meets with devotion and therefore inspires enthusiasm, carrying all with it. Of great importance, furthermore, is the law of movement along the line of least resistance, which in this hexagram is enunciated as the law for natural events and for human life.

The sequence:
When one possesses something great and is modest, there is sure to be enthusiasm. Hence there follows the hexagram of Enthusiasm.

Miscellaneous notes:
Enthusiasm leads to inertia.

Appended judgments:
The heroes of old introduced double gates and night watchmen with clappers, in order to deal with robbers. They probably took this from the hexagram of Enthusiasm.

Yu means preparation as well as enthusiasm. The upper trigram is movement (Zhen), and also the sound of thunder: this suggests the image of the night watchman making his rounds with a clapper and encountering danger (nuclear trigram Kan). The lower nuclear trigram Gen means a closed door.
The two trigrams move in opposite directions. Thunder moves upward, the earth sinks down. Nevertheless, since the upper nuclear trigram Kan indicates downward movement, while the lower, Gen, is motionless, there is a certain coherence of structure. However, the hexagram is not as favorable in outlook as the preceding one, of which it is the inverse.
the judgment for hexagram Enthusiasm 9is:

豫:利建侯,行师。

Enthusiasm. It furthers one to install helpers
And to set armies marching.



The time of Enthusiasm derives from the fact that there is at hand an eminent man who is in sympathy with the spirit of the people and acts in accord with it. Hence he finds universal and willing obedience. To arouse enthusiasm it is necessary for a man to adjust himself and his ordinances to the character of those whom he has to lead. The inviolability of natural laws rests on this principle of movement along the line of least resistance. Theses laws are not forces external to things but represent the harmony of movement immanent in them. That is why the celestial bodies do not deviate from their orbits and why all events in nature occur with fixed regularity. It is the same with human society: only such laws are rooted in popular sentiment can be enforced, while laws violating this sentiment merely arouse resentment.
Again, it is enthusiasm that enables us to install helpers for the completion of an undertaking without fear of secret opposition. It is enthusiasm too that can unify mass movements, as in war, so that they achieve victory.

Commentary on the Decision:

豫,刚应而志行,顺以动,豫。豫,顺以动,故天地如之,而况建侯行师乎?天地以顺动,故日月不过,而四时不忒;圣人以顺动,则刑罚清而民服。豫之时义大矣哉!

Enthusiasm. The firm finds correspondence, and its will is done. Devotion to movement: this is Enthusiasm.
Because Enthusiasm shows devotion to movement, heaven and earth are at its side. How much the more then is it possible to install helpers and set armies marching!
Heaven and earth move with devotion; therefore sun and moon do not swerve from their courses, and the four seasons do not err.
The holy man moves with devotion; therefore fines and punishments become just, and the people obey. Great indeed is the meaning of the time of Enthusiasm.



The trigram Kun means mass, hence army. Zhen, the upper trigram, is the eldest son, the leader of the masses, hence the idea of the installment of helpers (feudal lords) and of the marching of armies. The commander of the army, whose will awakens enthusiasm and spurs to movement those devoted to him, is the nine in the fourth place, the ruler of the hexagram. The secret of all natural and human law is movement that meets with devotion.
the Image going with hexagram Enthusiasm 9is:

雷出地奋,豫。先王以作乐崇德,殷荐之上帝,以配祖考。

Thunder comes resounding out of the earth:
The image of Enthusiasm.
Thus the ancient kings made music
In order to honor merit,
And offered it with splendor
To the Supreme Deity,
Inviting their ancestors to be present.



When, at the beginning of summer, thunder - electrical energy - comes rushing forth from the earth again, and the first thunderstorm refreshes nature, a prolonged state of tension is resolved. Joy and relief make themselves felt. So too, music has power to ease tension within the heart and to loosen the grip of obscure emotions. The enthusiasm of the heart expresses itself involuntarily in a burst of song, in dance and rhythmic movement of the body. From immemorial times the inspiring effect of the invisible sound that moves all hearts, and draws them together, has mystified mankind. Rulers have made use of this natural taste for music; they elevated and regulated it. Music was looked upon as something serious and holy, designed to purify the feelings of men. It fell to music to glorify the virtues of heroes and thus to construct a bridge to the world of the unseen. In the temple men drew near to God with music and pantomimes (out of this later the theater developed). Religious feeling for the Creator of the world was united with the most sacred of human feelings, that of reverence for the ancestors. The ancestors were invited to these divine services as guests of the Ruler of Heaven and as representatives of humanity in the higher regions. This uniting of the human past with the Divinity in solemn moments of religious inspiration established the bond between God and man. The ruler who revered the Divinity in revering his ancestors became thereby the Son of Heaven, in whom the heavenly and the earthly world met in mystical contact. These ideas are the final summation of Chinese culture. Confucius has said of the great sacrifice at which these rites were performed: "He who could wholly comprehend this sacrifice could rule the world as though it were spinning on his hand."




the nuclear hexagram:

39. Jian
Obstruction

4
The primary trigrams
A hexagram contains a lot of information. The most visible information is found when we divide a hexagram into two pieces of three lines each; we then see the two so-called 'trigrams' that make up the hexagram. There is an upper trigram and a lower trigram: the upper primary trigram tells something about your environment in relation to your situation; this is often about everything outside of you.



The lower primary trigram presents you, the questioner, and tells you something about yourself and about your own attitude. If the question is about something or someone else, then the lower trigram is that other and the upper trigram everything outside that other entity, for example an intended business partner or a goal that wants to be reached. The two primary trigrams are also related to each other as cause and effect - the lower trigram is then the cause, the upper is the result.


The value of the eight trigrams can hardly be underestimated. They are the foundation of the Yijing, and in the current layout of the book the sequence of the hexagrams seems to be mysteriously determined by the trigrams from which the hexagrams are constructed. Together with the teachings of the Five Phases, the eight trigrams are the most important core of Chinese thought. They are applied to Feng Shui (the ancient doctrine for the placement of house and grave), in various forms of Chinese astrology, traditional Chinese medicine, and there is even a form of defensive art, Baguazhang, which is entirely geared to the eight trigrams. Anyone who delves into Chinese philosophy will always encounter the eight trigrams and their associations. They are linked to the eight directions, to body parts, numbers, country characteristics, smell, color and taste, in short, they are an important source for the systematization of many things.

Fu Xi 'Earlier Heaven' bagua arrangement


You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.
The nuclear trigrams
The nuclear trigrams are the kernel or root of the hexagram; these are hidden as such in the interior of the hexagram:


The lower nuclear trigram is formed by the 2nd, 3rd and 4th line, the upper nuclear trigram is formed by the 3rd, 4th and 5th line (always counted from bottom up). They overlap.

The meaning of the nuclear trigrams:
The properties and symbolism of the trigrams are no different here than those discussed with the primary trigrams. However, they now indicate what took place before the current situation. Nuclear trigrams indicate which seed has led to the present state. They also indicate what plays out on unconscious levels: wishes, desires, fears that are not expressed. The upper nuclear trigram indicates what lives unconsciously and wants to come out, the lower nuclear trigram indicates what lives deeply unconsciously and does not want to come out. Especially the latter is important, it forms in many cases the engine behind our actions.


You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.
Enveloping trigrams
In many descriptions there are trigrams of which the qualities are 'not completed', or 'limited' or 'obstructed': another factor influences the trigram so that this can not show its properties properly. We can see what the trigram influences by looking at the lines that surround the nuclear trigram. These lines create a different trigram that encloses the nuclear trigram and so prevents the nuclear trigram from expressing itself.

This 'enveloping trigram' is called in Chinese the baoti, the enveloping structure, and its application probably comes from Lin Li (1120-1190). Lin himself says about the baoti: 'To envelop this' means that it is able to give life, to be born; "Enveloping" and "giving life" is actually one meaning. "(The character bao 'envelop' originally represented a fetus in the womb, hence the connection between 'enveloping' and 'giving life'.) The two baoti-trigrams protect the nuclear trigrams and at the same time ensure that they can not express themselves, can not show themselves in adulthood, because they are not yet fully grown.

There are two baoti-trigrams in every hexagram: a lower envelope trigram and an upper envelope trigram. They can be found in a hexagram as follows:

This hexagram has the lower nuclear trigram Wind . The lines around this core trigram form the trigram Water . Water thus envelops the trigram Wind. In other words: Water ensures that the qualities of Wind remain hidden or can not manifest themselves. Communicating, achieving long-term results, not giving up but continuing consistently, daring to be curious and so on are hampered by insecurity, fears, not getting a grip on the situation, the feeling of having to flow along in an unclear course that does not have a well-defined goal.


The upper nuclear trigram is enveloped in the same way by another trigram. In the same hexagram as above, the upper nuclear trigram is Heaven . This is enveloped, hidden or obstructed by the trigram Earth . This creates the image of innovation, creativity and creative power, leadership and a focused focus that are impeded by passivity, a wait-and-see attitude, and in the worst case by endurance. A strong-willed leader who can not carry out his plans because the people oppose him.

In the above example we see a total of six different trigrams: We have the primary trigrams Mountain and Lake , the nuclear trigram Wind and Heaven , and the baoti, the enveloping trigrams Water and Earth . However, it can also happen that a trigram occurs more frequently in the hexagram, and that has interesting consequences.


In this hexagram we see the lower nuclear trigram Thunder . Around it is as baoti the trigram Wind . Thunder is then locked up in Wind: innovation, a new start and fast progress (Thunder) are obstructed, stopped or protected by an attitude of 'slowly but surely', small steps and focus on details; a lot of communication but little concrete result (Wind). In this way, Wind ensures that spontaneity and self-renewal do not stand a chance. But this enveloping trigram Wind can also be seen as the upper primary trigram - the trigram that often symbolizes the counterparty or the environment. The upper primary trigram is here also the obstructing trigram, in other words: it is the counterparty, the environment that in this case holds back the renewal and a concrete breakthrough.


That with the baoti profound insights can be obtained we see with hexagram 37. This hexagram has the lower nuclear trigram Fire . It also has Fire as the upper nuclear trigram. This nuclear trigram is itself packed by the trigram Fire. If we see the lower trigram as the questioner, which is therefore Fire, then the thought arises of someone who has a clear vision, has a good idea of the developments, but can not express this. He is obstructed in this, but the limiting factor is he himself: he attaches so much to his own view that he can no longer objectively assess its value. He wants his vision to remain pure and unaffected by penetrating external influences (the upper basic trigram Wind ). That is why he chooses to protect his vision by keeping it for himself.

You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

Heaven: the Creative
The Heaven trigram consists entirely of three whole lines. These whole lines represent the Yang principle in the universe. Yang is action, movement, doing something. It also stands for the spiritual, the intangible, and the light. It is the father of all eight trigrams, thus indicating the male, guiding principle. It means giving, coming out, taking the lead, taking action. Heaven is the creative, initiating force in our universe. It is the intention, the idea, the will and goal oriented. It is the ultimate Yang force, the guiding, directional effect in your life. - Let me be the invisible but guiding intention. -
• What it does: active deployment, deliberate and powerful decision making, focusing, taking the lead.
• What it shows: the light, higher, invisible and intangible, spirit, leadership, the strong, inexhaustible.




an ancient representation of this trigram





The Heaven as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: take the lead in your situation. Give guidance to others, deliberately dedicate yourself to your chosen goal. Focus on external factors that need guidance. Make your intention and ideas clear. Act forcefully and strong.
• What it shows: male dominance outside of you, a strong-willed person or environment, a ratio-driven external factor that wants to steer. A father figure.
• How to express it: Heaven as the upper trigram can mean that you want to carry out plans; you have ideas and want to set up something that gives recognition in your environment, and perhaps in society. You want to convey spiritual values ​​in the world. You want to mean something. In the worst case it can mean that you are stupid and stubborn.



The Heaven as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: find your inner motive. Focus on your intent, your motivation and your goal. Focus on your inner strength that sets everything in motion, the invisible energy that causes things to run according to your plan. Use your head, your intellect. Be strong inside.
• What it shows: inner strength, rationality and focus on aspects within yourself. Take charge of yourself, the spirituality behind your actions.
• How to express it: an inner force that makes you confident and decisive. You have energy in you, but do not immediately feel the need to do something with it. It is your driving force, your motivation. You are your own leader and independent of others. In the worst case it can mean that you are selfish, and an introvert to the extreme.



The Heaven as the upper nuclear trigram:
there is an urge to act as a leader or to show your own creativity. You have ideas that you want to achieve, but they remain in the concept phase.



The Heaven as the lower trigram trigram:
there is a strong father bond, or bonding with the fatherly. The inspiration that you feel inside can not be used. You have a direction but no goal.



The Heaven as the upper enveloping trigram:
There is a strong, masculine influence that imposes his will. The ratio has the upper hand. There is more thought in abstract theories where daily practice is not seen as leading. Ideas without concretization are an impeding factor.



The Heaven as the lower enveloping trigram:
There is a strong, masculine influence that imposes his will. The ratio has the upper hand. There is more thought in abstract theories where daily practice is not seen as leading. Ideas without concretization are an impeding factor.



The Heaven as the resonance trigram:
The relationship is characterized by, or needs, a common goal and focus. The noses are moving in the same direction, there is driven action and motivation to make the relationship and the chosen goal successful. There is a risk that concepts are overthought and that nothing concrete is achieved. The relationship can also have a strong male or business character.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Earth: the Receiving
The trigram Earth consists entirely of broken lines, Yin lines. Yin stands for the receptive, the open, the passive, the following. It stands for the tangible, the concrete, the dark and the heavy. It is the mother of all trigrams, and thus indicates the nourishing, caring principle. It means getting into the camera, following, standing still, experiencing. The Earth trigram is the executive. It makes matters concrete and visible, it converts intention into action and results. Earth stands for matter, the material that you can work with and that you can shape. It is passive in nature, but starts with the right input. - Give me your ideas and I will grow them to maturity. -
• What it does: receive, feed, care and give space. Realizing, making tangible. Follow the lead, execute plans with the desired result in mind.
• What it shows: an open character, the unprocessed field with potential, strong work that is boundlessly committed to the big picture. Service, the mother.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Earth as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: open up, be receptive to the needs in your surroundings and take care of them. Maintain a mental servility without having any expectations nor judgments about the work at hand. Make sure the work is done.
• What it shows: growth through the right nutrition. Wei wu wei - do without doing: an environment or a situation that by itself and by its own open attitude will develop to its destination.
• How to express it: Earth as the upper trigram can mean you open yourself to external influences. You want to experience the outside world, experience it without directing it yourself. You want to be helpful, supporting others. In the extreme case, it can mean that you are passive, and allow yourself to be guided too much by your environment and even used by others.



The Earth as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: be open to your inner growth. Give your own ideas and intentions the space to become concrete. Take care of yourself, be open to your own needs and focus on the possibilities you have to implement ideas and intentions. Answer inner questions without question or judgment.
• What it shows: the nurturing space within yourself, the inner mother, your strength to care for and to shape, to serve though not forbearing.
• How to express it: as the lower trigram, Earth can mean you open up to everything that lives within yourself, without boundaries or conditions. You accept your own character, emotions and actions without judgment. You have a calm attitude and you do not need to do anything, you prefer to come to yourself. In the extreme case it can mean that you are a slave of your own emotions, and you allow yourself to be guided too much by your passive side.



The Earth as the upper nuclear trigram:
you want to be open to your environment, but you do not know how to express it. Caring qualities are not used, the realization of earlier plans is not realized. The space that is available for growth is not used.



The Earth as the lower nuclear trigram:
there is a strong mother bond, or bonding with the maternal. You feel a void inside, a cavity that wants to fill up. You experience passivity and aimlessness and see no possibilities to solve this.



The Earth as the upper envelope trigram:
There is a passive attitude and the tendency to let things take their course. There is a lack of guidance; one is shielded by the female or motherly, the Yin. There is a dominant focus on the material, tangible and demonstrable result. You can easily be influenced.



The Earth as the lower envelope trigram:
There is a passive attitude and the tendency to let things take their course. There is a lack of guidance; one is shielded by the female or motherly, the Yin. There is a dominant focus on the material, tangible and demonstrable result. You can easily be influenced.



The Earth as the resonance trigram:
Both parties have an open attitude towards each other and want to support each other. They have an eye for each other's needs, and want to mutually meet this. Production, concrete result is a common interest. There is a chance that both parties will show a passive-waiting attitude, as a result of which the intended result will not get off the ground. It is expected that the other person will take the initiative.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Lake: the Joyous
The trigram Lake stands for the joyous, the relaxation, the positive outlook on life, carefree. It stands for creativity that comes from consideration. It means the deeper feelings, the inner source where is drawn from to give meaning to your life. It stands for unconventional means, magic and religious reflection. Positive energy can break through a dominant negativism. - I am the positive force that gives meaning to your life destiny. -
• What it does: face the world in a tidy and carefree way, not hampered by responsibilities or obligations. The Lake trigram makes things enjoyable. It cannot be influenced by negative elements, as a result of which these elements will dissolve out of powerlessness. The Lake is averse to rules and conventions; it does what is necessary to reach one's own inner Sense, regardless of prescribed structures and expectations.
• What it shows: the beauty in existence, the cheerful, pleasant and the satisfaction that can be achieved in every situation. The trackless paths of a free spirit.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Lake as the upper primary trigram:
• What it demands: positive commitment and also find the same positivity outside yourself. Be stubborn, but without hurting. Be an example that others can mirror.
• What it shows: the opening in the wall, the poetry of the universal rhythm, carefree naivety in dealing with your surroundings. Open-mindedness that can not be precipitated.
• How to express it: as an upper trigram, the Lake can mean that you have a positive view of the world and your situation. You do not really worry, and you want to share your carefree with others. You are frank, you do not turn your heart into a murder pit. You are a mirror for your environment. In the worst case it can mean that you are childish naive, you do not care about your surroundings, and you do not dare to face real problems.



The Lake as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: inner satisfaction. Be your own source of inspiration and carefree. Dare to look outside your built-in structures. Focus on unexpected possibilities that you would not normally use quickly.
• What it shows: your inner source, the inexhaustible positive power of your deepest being. The mirror of your soul, your unique personality as a carrier of your qualities.
• How to express it: as a lower trigram, the Lake can mean that you have a rich inner life. You are aware of your feelings and what they mean to you. You have a lot of confidence and do not worry about the future. Your feelings are your inspiration, but you can not buy them here. In the worst case, you drown in your own emotional world and depression and denial of your weaker side can be the result.



The Lake as upper nuclear trigram:
there is a positive-naive side that wants to go out. The child wants to be seen in yourself. You have the need not to conform to the expectations of others.



The Lake as the lower nuclear trigram:
the positive side of your character is tucked away. You become uncertain of your own optimism and you may wonder if it is justified. Your source is not fed - your inner Lake is being blocked.



The Lake as upper enveloping trigram:
A naive view of the cases where responsibilities are ignored or denied keeps progress in its grip. An adult attitude is lacking; the ball is always reflected back. Unconventional means or decisions that fall outside the set framework are an impeding factor.



The Lake as lower enveloping trigram:
A naive view of the cases where responsibilities are ignored or denied keeps progress in its grip. An adult attitude is lacking; the ball is always reflected back. Unconventional means or decisions that fall outside the set framework are an impeding factor.



The Lake as resonance trigram:
In this relationship there is room for airiness, it should not become too heavy or serious. The relationship is characterized by a positive atmosphere. Fun and giving meaning are important elements that maintain the relationship. The downside is that responsibilities are evaded and that important or difficult tasks and decisions are played back over and over again.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Fire: the Clinging
The trigram Fire stands for the light, the truth. It is that which unmasks the lie and dispels the darkness. It means entering into commitments; you merge with something or someone else. Het Vuur stands for searching for something that can give meaning to your life. The trigram Fire is warmth, clarity and insight. The own truth as certainty to which one attaches. Fire enters into relationships and clings to what it feeds. - I am the light that shows what you value. -
• What it does: connect, use, transform and reduce to the essence. Bringing the truth to light. Commitment. In this way the Fire protects the small spark that would otherwise die out.
• What it shows: the reality as it is. The importance of commitments. It reveals what is essentially needed.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Fire as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: show your own truth. Be involved, dare to attach to that what transformations can bring about. Trust your own insights.
• What it shows: your dependence on your environment, something outside yourself that can feed you so that you can give back heat.
• How to express it: as an upper trigram, Fire can mean that you value the opinion of others. You find it important to fight injustice and to tell your own vision about it to others. You feel at home in groups, and like to work together. In the extreme case it can mean that you are pushy, and possessive.



The Fire as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: face your own truth: connect with that which defines you as a unique person and let this be your motivation. Be aware of your inner fire, your passion.
• What it shows: the power source that burns your fire. Your defense mechanism to protect your soft sides. Your heart.
• How to express it: Fire as the bottom trigram can mean that you are looking for the truth in yourself, instead of in your environment. Your own norms and values ​​are more important to you than those of society. You adhere to principles, and you have a rational impact. In the extreme case it may mean that you see your own principles as the only and correct truth, and are not open to the truth of others, or that you are too attached to your own conscience.



The Fire as the upper nuclear trigram:
your own insights do not come outwards. You have vision, but see no opportunities to share it. The truth is inside, but does not want to stay there. You are afraid to attach yourself, to connect to that outside of yourself what you can feed.



The Fire as the bottom nuclear trigram:
you cherish your own truth and insights as a precious treasure. Its value for the world has not yet penetrated you. Your inner Fire can not grow.



The Fire as the upper enveloping trigram:
One is dependent on, is too attached to one's own vision and personal imagery. People are proud of relationships with others without these connections being nourishing in the current situation. The external form goes beyond the substantive function.



The Fire as the lower enveloping trigram:
One is dependent on, is too attached to one's own vision and personal imagery. People are proud of relationships with others without these connections being nourishing in the current situation. The external form goes beyond the substantive function.



The Fire as the resonance trigram:
Fire is the ultimate trigram of relationships. A characteristic of this relationship is that the connection between both parties is very strong. One feeds each other, but there is a risk that one cannot live without the other, so that the relationship becomes obsessive or addictive. People can no longer see each other as individuals.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Wind: the Gentle
The Wind trigram stands for curiosity and flexibility. It means perseverance from meekness, and compliance without violating your own principles. De Wind stands for thoroughness, exchange and communication. The trigram is also called 'The Wood'. The Wind symbolizes a soft, penetrating force that continues continuously and does not give up. Small steps without hurry. He is curious and knows no boundaries. De Wind is invisibly present and ensures long-lasting results. De Wind promotes, smoothes, creates balance and balance. - I am the roots of the tree that break the hardest stone through perseverance. -
• What it does: communicate, make long journeys, exert soft, almost imperceptible influence. Be active in the background. Continue, don't give up.
• What it shows: the details. Countless steps that, when viewed in isolation, seem trivial, but slowly work towards something big and lasting. The Butterfly Effect. (The Butterfly Effect is based on the idea that a small, apparently insignificant factor (such as the minute air displacement by butterfly wings) at location A has major consequences (eg a hurricane) for location B located a kilometer away.)


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Wind as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: concentrate on small steps and on details. Work in the long term. Provide a roadmap that you can accurately follow to the letter. Communicate; practice your influence in an unobtrusive way and ensure balance in your environment. Show willpower. Put the dots on the i.
• What it shows: seemingly insignificant influences from outside that ultimately have a lasting and irreversible effect. Ceaseless meekness without ulterior motives. Erosion that can make the highest mountains wear.
• How to express it: the Wind as the upper trigram can mean that you are curious, and would like to stay informed about what is happening in your area. You need exchange and are looking for balance. You have more need for details than the main lines. In the extreme case it can mean that you are fussy and only look at knowledge itself than at its value.



The Wind as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: subject yourself to an accurate self-examination. Be curious about your own motivations; create an inner dialogue. Be patient and steadfast. Do not give up. Ask yourself how you can give your own character permanence without doing the violence.
• What it shows: the power to keep going and not be discouraged by setbacks. Meekness towards your own abilities and limitations. The continuous search for balance in yourself.
• How to express it: as the bottom trigram, Wind can mean that you subject yourself to a thorough self-examination. You are looking for the causes that have made you what you are now. The 'why' is now important to you. You continue until you have the answers that you desire. In the extreme case it can mean that you look more closely at the separate parts of your being and your situation than at the whole. It can also indicate indecision.



The Wind as the upper nuclear trigram:
you feel the need to communicate, but you do not yet know how to express yourself well. You want to take small steps and produce a consistent result in the long term, but other factors hamper this.


The Wind as the lower nuclear trigram:
you miss an inner dialogue, and are unable to balance pros and cons in a balanced way. Indecision is the result.



The Wind as upper envelope trigram:
There is radiation and buttons are not cut. The focus is on communication and exchange back and forth without achieving anything. One is busy with details and loses the big lines in the eye. What is far away is more important than what is close.



The Wind as lower envelope trigram:
There is radiation and buttons are not cut. The focus is on communication and exchange back and forth without achieving anything. One is busy with details and loses the big lines in the eye. What is far away is more important than what is close.



The Wind as the resonance trigram:
The relationship is meek - harsh words won't fall soon. Communication is very important, it looks at the small things, the details. They strive for a long-term relationship that can last for years. There can be a tendency to become nitpicking and to lose control of the whole. You can no longer see the forest for the trees.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Mountain: Keeping Still
The Mountain trigram stands for rest, turning in and meditation. It means looking back at what has been, finishing, stopping and stopping. De Berg provides guidance, is concrete, takes a clear position and stands for a clear-cut position. De Berg is the big boundary. He stops processes, stops progress and preserves what is already there. He is silent, introverted and unwavering in his decisions. He holds on to what he knows and will ensure that it does not change. - I finish what others have started. -
• What it does: review, evaluate and contemplate. Take some distance and keep what has arisen earlier. Finish, prepare for a new start.
• What it shows: a border, a milestone. A refrigerator in which everything stays as it is. A private space that gives peace and tranquility.


an ancient representation of this trigram




The Mountain as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: set limits. Be unwavering, do not be fooled. Hold on to what you have and protect it, make sure it is not affected. Be reliable and clear. Around it.
• What it shows: an unyielding power that you can not ignore. Reliability that can not be influenced by grilling or the delusion of the day. A certainty you can build on. A closed and conservative moloch.
• How to express it: the Mountain as the upper trigram can mean that your environment is your grip. You are practical, more a doer than a thinker, and focused on results. You have one goal in mind and focus entirely on that, something more important is not there. You are steadfast and resolute. Also to your surroundings you make clear what you want to achieve. In the extreme case it can mean that you are stubborn, and more focused on the goal than on its consequences.



The Mountain as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: go inside, shut yourself off from outside influences. Put a point behind ongoing and lingering processes within yourself, around this in a way that gives you rest.
• What it shows: inner peace. The certainty of a stable mind. The boundaries within which your mind can function with confidence.
• How to express it: as a bottom trigram, Berg can mean that you need peace, meditation and contemplation. You are focused on your own processes and not on those of your environment. You seek guidance in your own values ​​and try to discover your own certainties. You want to do this yourself without the help of others. You do not need to interfere with your environment in yourself. In the extreme case it can mean that you completely isolate yourself, and no longer have an eye for the interaction between you and your environment.



The Mountain as upper nuclear trigram:
you seek a quiet point in yourself that helps you to deal with your daily activities. You have a strong meditative tendency, but are prevented from doing so. Your steadfastness and reliable attitude are not seen.



The Mountain as lower nuclear trigram:
you feel like you have a big secret in you that needs to be protected. This is your foothold, but you feel the threat of other factors that affect your inner security.



The Mountain as the upper enveloping trigram:
Stubbornness, an aversion to change or renewal hinders. There is a distant attitude, unwillingness to cooperate; one retreats into his own world. Obstacles are created that aim to maintain the status quo.



The Mountain as the lower enveloping trigram:
Stubbornness, an aversion to change or renewal hinders. There is a distant attitude, unwillingness to cooperate; one retreats into his own world. Obstacles are created that aim to maintain the status quo.



The Mountain as resonance trigram:
A relationship characterized by the trigram Mountain contains a strong degree of individuality. Both parties are strongly focused on themselves and mutually difficult to approach. Contact may be avoided, but everyone has a high degree of trust in the other. There is a risk that the relationship cannot grow due to rigidity and conservatism. Changes within the relationship can be a point of contention.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Water: the Abysmal
The trigram "The flowing Water" symbolizes the deep, the unconscious. It stands for what is hidden and is not easy to find. Your fears, doubts and uncertainties are represented by this trigram. It means taking risks, danger, and forces at work below the surface. The trigram Water is the feeling trigram. It does not control how it flows, this is determined by other factors other than Water. Where it will end up is uncertain, how the path is going to be is not certain in advance. The flowing Water stands for emotion, co-flowing without a clear goal. - I am the capricious dark road whose journey goes beyond the ultimate goal. -
• What it does: flow without purpose, explore depth, explore boundaries and use without crossing them, take risks. Feeling and experiencing fears without being controlled by them.
• What it shows: uncertainty through and with an emotional bond. Limitations due to external factors that hinder but do not prevent. The certainty that uncertainty can also take you where you need to be.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Water as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: do not resist the limits and restrictions that are imposed on you. Follow your own path within boundaries without worrying about a final destination. Accept that the erratic and uncertain circumstances can not be logically reasoned. The path you follow now appeals to your ability to release securities.
• What it shows: unreliable elements outside yourself where you want to have no control over. A situation that changes unpredictably. Patterns that only become visible when developments have followed their course.
• How to express it: as the upper trigram it can indicate that there is something in your environment, at least outside of you, that makes you insecure. You are influenced by events that affect you emotionally, your involvement is great. You are confronted with situations in which you are expected to make choices, while the choices may not always be clear to you. In the extreme case it can mean that external influences affect your decision-making skills, and you experience the environment as threatening.



The Water as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: do you face fears, doubts and uncertainties. Make sure your emotions can flow freely. Find the inner journey that has neither goal nor end, but is an essential part of your being.
• What it shows: the unconscious and unnameable part of your soul. The formless that adapts to the limits of it formed character.
• How to express it: can indicate the Water as the bottom trigram that you have doubts about the way you want to go and about the goal you want to achieve. You are influenced by feelings of which you do not know the origin and are uncertain about your own motivations. In the worst case it can mean that you are depressed, and see no possibilities to achieve what you want.



The Water as the upper nuclear trigram:
you have fears or doubts that occasionally come to the surface. However, your environment does not always see it. You have a free spirit that wants to be unbound and wants to take risks, but you are being stopped in this.



The Water as the bottom nuclear trigram:
your subconscious is mainly occupied at night; during the day there is no chance to come to the surface. Dreams are often the outlet valve. Emotions are stirring, but their relevance and meaning are completely unclear to you.



The Water as the upper enveloping trigram:
The fear and emotion are governing. An uncontrolled, insecure attitude without a concrete chosen goal determines the progress. Inferior elements with secret or even bad intentions are an inhibiting factor. There is a lack of certainty, there is no clear vision or policy.



The Water as the lower enveloping trigram:
The fear and emotion are governing. An uncontrolled, insecure attitude without a concrete chosen goal determines the progress. Inferior elements with secret or even bad intentions are an inhibiting factor. There is a lack of certainty, there is no clear vision or policy.



The Water as the resonance trigram:
This relationship is characterized by ambiguity, fear or doubts. People react and play on the emotion, there is no room for the ratio. If unreal sentiments play the leading role, the relationship can have deep troughs. The relationships are generally difficult and people do not know what is useful to each other. Distrust and insincere behavior can result.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.

The Thunder: the Arousing
Thunder stands for intense energy, impulses, hard action and new ideas. He stands for a new beginning, unrestrainedness and spontaneity. The Thunder is short but intense and symbolizes powerful breakthroughs that last briefly but have radical consequences. The trigram Thunder is fast, direct and unstoppable. It is the sudden inspiration, the intuitive thought, the new invention. Thunder works in the short term, is resolute regardless of the possible consequences. - I am the shock that shakes the sleeping ghost. -
• What it does: initiate, confront and ensure absolute and radical change. Act quickly without detours. Set out the main lines.
• What it shows: the rough sketch, the framework, the rapid development. The big bang that ensures that you are inside in one go.


an ancient representation of this trigram





The Thunder as the upper primary trigram:
• What it asks: take immediate action. Make your raw plans known. Let yourself be heard. The fist on the table. Make a new start, do not look back. Be inspired by your environment. Be resolute, do not be guided by possible consequences. Act according to your intuition.
• What it shows: unexpected and shocking changes. An environment that rebels, that overthrows the established order.
• How to express it: as an upper trigram, Thunder can mean that large and rapid changes take place in your environment. You see revolutions and revolutions taking place, or would like to bring about this yourself. What is happening now you would like to radically change. There are no calmer steps now. In the extreme case it can mean that you are like a bull in a china shop, and the long term consequences of your actions no longer sees.



The Thunder as the lower primary trigram:
• What it asks: put old insights aside. Renew yourself, let go of the past. Look ahead, make a new beginning and make this decision without the expectation that action must be taken immediately. Cut that Gordian knot.
• What it shows: the awakening insight. The sunlight of the dawn. Satori.
• How to express it: Thunder as the bottom trigram can mean that there are big revolutions in you. You are a whirlwind of energy that recounts everything you assure for sure. You stand for a new period in your life, and want to break with old habits. In the extreme case it can mean that you are blowing yourself up and are busy with self-destruction. You want to change too quickly.



The Thunder as the upper nuclear trigram:
you feel a strong urge to action, to performance and renewal, a new start, but is hampered in this. Your strong intuition finds no reception in your surroundings.



The Thunder as the bottom nuclear trigram:
you are driven by a primary force: spontaneity is your motive, but it is hindered. You want to renew yourself but do not know how.



The Thunder as the upper enveloping trigram:
One wants a (too) fast progress; the desire or demand for radical renewal without taking into account the consequences determines the situation. There are aggressive and rigorous forces at work that would rather see a revolution than that the current condition is maintained.



The Thunder as the lower enveloping trigram:
One wants a (too) fast progress; the desire or demand for radical renewal without taking into account the consequences determines the situation. There are aggressive and rigorous forces at work that would rather see a revolution than that the current condition is maintained.



The Thunder as the resonance trigram:
Fast and intense are appropriate words for a relationship that is characterized by Thunder. People are not so much concerned with the future, rather impulsiveness and instinct determine how one deals with each other to avoid rut at all costs. People need continuous change and are not always able to see whether that change is constructive or destructive. A relationship such as this runs the risk of being short-lived because expectations are high. These relationships are often short and powerful.



an ancient representation of this trigram




You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.
The resonance trigram
The Yijing is often consulted for situations in which another party is involved. This can be a friend, a partner, a colleague, an employer, a competitor, the environment in general or a new goal that one wants to achieve. The other party is then represented by the upper trigram. The questioner, or the person for whom the hexagram is thrown, is the lower trigram. We prefer that both parties, namely the subject and that external party, are in harmony with each other, that they have a good understanding. There is a way to see if the two parties are in a good mood with each other or if they are in trouble. For this we use a method from the Xuankong Dagua feng shui, a direction within the feng shui in which hexagrams and trigrams play a prominent role. The function of this method is essentially different within the feng shui than what it is used for here, but the principle remains the same. We call it the resonance trigram here.
In a hexagram, the corresponding lines of the two basic tigrams are compared with each other. You then look at the following three pairs of lines:

• the first and the fourth line
• the second and the fifth line
• the third and the sixth line.

So:


A trigram then emerges that provides insight into the relationship that the two trigrams have with each other:
• If both lines are different, the result is a Yang line .
• If both lines are equal, the result is a Yin line .

The lines 1 and 4 are different: line 1 is Yang and line 4 is Yin . This then results in a Yang line .
The lines 2 and 5 are both Yin . This then results in a Yin line .
The lines 3 and 6 are different: line 3 is Yang and line 6 is Yin . This then results in a Yang line .
Put above one another, we get the trigram Fire as resonance trigram from the example hexagram above .

The resonance trigram shows the characteristic, the common denominator, of the relationship between the two trigrams, that is, between the two parties around which the question or situation revolves. Depending on the question asked, it can also indicate what the relationship needs.


You can read much more about the trigrams and their meaning in the eighth Wing of the Ten Wings, part of the Yijing. You can find this text here.



The text above about the trigrams and their meanings is taken from Harmen Mesker's publications on the Yijing. His work makes an excellent introduction to the use and interpretation of the Yijing. If you like to know more about Harmen Mesker's work look at his website.
the Sign:

the basic hexagrams:
   above Trigram Zhèn , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Kūn , the Receptive, the earth

the nuclear hexagrams:
   above Trigram Kǎn , the Abysmal, the water
   below Trigram Gèn , Keeping Still, the mountain

the enveloping hexagrams:
   above Trigram Kūn , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Kūn , the Receptive, the earth

the resonance trigram:
   Trigram Zhèn , the Arousing, the thunder

The strong line in the fourth place, that of the leading official, meets with response and obedience from all the other lines, which are all weak. The attribute of the upper trigram, Zhen, is movement; the attributes of Kun, the lower, are obedience and devotion. This begins a movement that meets with devotion and therefore inspires enthusiasm, carrying all with it. Of great importance, furthermore, is the law of movement along the line of least resistance, which in this hexagram is enunciated as the law for natural events and for human life.

The sequence:
When one possesses something great and is modest, there is sure to be enthusiasm. Hence there follows the hexagram of Enthusiasm.

Miscellaneous notes:
Enthusiasm leads to inertia.

Appended judgments:
The heroes of old introduced double gates and night watchmen with clappers, in order to deal with robbers. They probably took this from the hexagram of Enthusiasm.

Yu means preparation as well as enthusiasm. The upper trigram is movement (Zhen), and also the sound of thunder: this suggests the image of the night watchman making his rounds with a clapper and encountering danger (nuclear trigram Kan). The lower nuclear trigram Gen means a closed door.
The two trigrams move in opposite directions. Thunder moves upward, the earth sinks down. Nevertheless, since the upper nuclear trigram Kan indicates downward movement, while the lower, Gen, is motionless, there is a certain coherence of structure. However, the hexagram is not as favorable in outlook as the preceding one, of which it is the inverse.


the judgment:

豫:利建侯,行师。

Enthusiasm. It furthers one to install helpers
And to set armies marching.



The time of Enthusiasm derives from the fact that there is at hand an eminent man who is in sympathy with the spirit of the people and acts in accord with it. Hence he finds universal and willing obedience. To arouse enthusiasm it is necessary for a man to adjust himself and his ordinances to the character of those whom he has to lead. The inviolability of natural laws rests on this principle of movement along the line of least resistance. Theses laws are not forces external to things but represent the harmony of movement immanent in them. That is why the celestial bodies do not deviate from their orbits and why all events in nature occur with fixed regularity. It is the same with human society: only such laws are rooted in popular sentiment can be enforced, while laws violating this sentiment merely arouse resentment.
Again, it is enthusiasm that enables us to install helpers for the completion of an undertaking without fear of secret opposition. It is enthusiasm too that can unify mass movements, as in war, so that they achieve victory.

Commentary on the Decision:

豫,刚应而志行,顺以动,豫。豫,顺以动,故天地如之,而况建侯行师乎?天地以顺动,故日月不过,而四时不忒;圣人以顺动,则刑罚清而民服。豫之时义大矣哉!

Enthusiasm. The firm finds correspondence, and its will is done. Devotion to movement: this is Enthusiasm.
Because Enthusiasm shows devotion to movement, heaven and earth are at its side. How much the more then is it possible to install helpers and set armies marching!
Heaven and earth move with devotion; therefore sun and moon do not swerve from their courses, and the four seasons do not err.
The holy man moves with devotion; therefore fines and punishments become just, and the people obey. Great indeed is the meaning of the time of Enthusiasm.
 


The trigram Kun means mass, hence army. Zhen, the upper trigram, is the eldest son, the leader of the masses, hence the idea of the installment of helpers (feudal lords) and of the marching of armies. The commander of the army, whose will awakens enthusiasm and spurs to movement those devoted to him, is the nine in the fourth place, the ruler of the hexagram. The secret of all natural and human law is movement that meets with devotion.


the Image:

雷出地奋,豫。先王以作乐崇德,殷荐之上帝,以配祖考。

Thunder comes resounding out of the earth:
The image of Enthusiasm.
Thus the ancient kings made music
In order to honor merit,
And offered it with splendor
To the Supreme Deity,
Inviting their ancestors to be present.



When, at the beginning of summer, thunder - electrical energy - comes rushing forth from the earth again, and the first thunderstorm refreshes nature, a prolonged state of tension is resolved. Joy and relief make themselves felt. So too, music has power to ease tension within the heart and to loosen the grip of obscure emotions. The enthusiasm of the heart expresses itself involuntarily in a burst of song, in dance and rhythmic movement of the body. From immemorial times the inspiring effect of the invisible sound that moves all hearts, and draws them together, has mystified mankind. Rulers have made use of this natural taste for music; they elevated and regulated it. Music was looked upon as something serious and holy, designed to purify the feelings of men. It fell to music to glorify the virtues of heroes and thus to construct a bridge to the world of the unseen. In the temple men drew near to God with music and pantomimes (out of this later the theater developed). Religious feeling for the Creator of the world was united with the most sacred of human feelings, that of reverence for the ancestors. The ancestors were invited to these divine services as guests of the Ruler of Heaven and as representatives of humanity in the higher regions. This uniting of the human past with the Divinity in solemn moments of religious inspiration established the bond between God and man. The ruler who revered the Divinity in revering his ancestors became thereby the Son of Heaven, in whom the heavenly and the earthly world met in mystical contact. These ideas are the final summation of Chinese culture. Confucius has said of the great sacrifice at which these rites were performed: "He who could wholly comprehend this sacrifice could rule the world as though it were spinning on his hand."


the Lines:


上六:冥豫,成有渝,无咎。

Six at the top means:

Deluded enthusiasm.
But if after completion one changes,
There is no blame



It is a bad thing for a man to let himself be deluded by enthusiasm. But if this delusion has run its course, and he is still capable of changing, then he is freed of error. A sober awakening from false enthusiasm is quite possible and very favorable.


六五:贞疾,恒不死。

Six in the fifth place means:

Persistently ill, and still does not die.



Here enthusiasm is obstructed. A man is under constant pressure, which prevents him from breathing freely. However, this pressure has its advantage--it prevents him from consuming his powers in empty enthusiasm. Thus constant pressure can actually serve to keep one alive.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九四:由豫,大有得。勿疑。朋盍簪。

Nine in the fourth place means:

The source of enthusiasm.
He achieves great things.
Doubt not.
You gather friends around you
As a hair clasp gathers the hair.



This describes a man who is able to awaken enthusiasm through his own sureness and freedom from hesitation. He attracts people because he has no doubts and is wholly sincere. Owing to his confidence in them he wins their enthusiastic co-operation and attains success. Just as a clasp draws the hair together and hold it, so he draws man together by the support he gives them.


六三:盱豫,悔。迟有悔。

Six in the third place means:

Enthusiasm that looks upward creates remorse.
Hesitation brings remorse.



This line is the opposite of the preceding one: the latter bespeaks self-reliance, while here there is enthusiastic looking up to a leader. If a man hesitates too long, this also will bring remorse. The right moment for approach must be seized: only then will he do the right thing.


六二:介于石,不终日,贞吉。

Six in the second place means:

Firm as a rock. Not a whole day.

Perseverance brings good fortune.



This describes a person who does not allow himself to be misled by any illusions. While others are letting themselves be dazzled by enthusiasm, he recognizes with perfect clarity the first signs of the time. Thus he neither flatters those above nor neglects those beneath him; he is as firm as a rock. When the first sign of discord appears, he knows the right moment for withdrawing and does not delay even for a day. Perseverance in such conduct will bring good fortune.
Confucius says about this line:
To know the seeds, that is divine indeed. In his association with those above him, the superior man does not flatter. In his association with those beneath him, he is not arrogant. For he knows the seeds. The seeds are the first imperceptible beginning of movement, the first trace of good fortune (or misfortune) that shows itself. The superior man perceives the seeds and immediately takes actin. He does not wait even a whole day.

In the Book of Changes it is said:

"Firm as a rock. Not a whole day. Perseverance brings good fortune."
Firm as a rock, what need of a whole day?
The judgment can be known.
The superior man knows what is hidden and what is evident.
He knows weakness, he knows strength as well.
Hence the myriads look up to him.'


初六:鸣豫,凶。

Six at the beginning means:

Enthusiasm that expresses itself

Brings misfortune.



A man in an inferior position has aristocratic connections about which he boasts enthusiastically. This arrogance inevitably invites misfortune.
Enthusiasm should never be an egotistic emotion; it is justified only when it is a general feeling that unites one with others.