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易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

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易經
het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:









23. Bo

Splitting Apart



<
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
上九:硕果不食,君子得舆,小人剥庐。

Nine at the top means:

There is a large fruit still uneaten.
The superior man receives a carriage.
The house of the inferior man is split apart.



Here the splitting apart reaches its end. When misfortune has spent itself, better times return. The seed of the good remains, and it is just when the fruit falls to the ground that food sprouts anew from its seed. The superior man again attains influence and effectiveness. He is supported by public opinion as if in a carriage. But the inferior man's wickedness is visited upon himself. His house is split apart. A law of nature is at work here. Evil is not destructive to the good alone but inevitably destroys itself as well. For evil, which lives solely by negation, cannot continue to exist on its own strength alone. The inferior man himself fares best when held under control by a superior man.
六五:贲于丘园,束帛戋戋,吝,终吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

A shoal of fishes. Favor comes through the court ladies.
Everything acts to further.



Here, in immediate proximity to the strong, light-giving principle at the top, the nature of the dark force undergoes a change. It no longer opposes the strong principle by means of intrigues but submits to its guidance. Indeed, as the head of the other weak lines, it leads all of these to the strong line, just as a princess leads her maids-in-waiting like a shoal of fishes to her husband and thus gains his favor. Inasmuch as the lower element thus voluntarily places itself under the higher, it attains happiness and the higher also receives its due. Therefore all goes well.
六四:剥床以肤,凶。

Six in the fourth place means:

The bed is split up to the skin.
Misfortune.



Here the disaster affects not only the resting place but even the occupant. No warning or other comment is added. Misfortune has reached its peak: it can no longer be warded off.
六三:剥之,无咎。

Six in the third place means:

He splits with them. No blame.



An individual finds himself in an evil environment to which he is committed by external ties. But he has an inner relationship with a superior man, and through this he attains the stability to free himself from the way of the inferior people around him. This brings him into opposition to them of course, but that is not wrong.
六二:剥床以辨,蔑贞凶。

Six in the second place means:

The bed is split at the edge.
Those who persevere are destroyed.
Misfortune.



The power of the inferior people is growing. The danger draws close to one's person; already there are clear indication, and rest is disturbed. Moreover, in this dangerous situation one is as yet without help or friendly advances from above or below. Extreme caution is necessary in this isolation. One must adjust to the time and promptly avoid the danger. Stubborn perseverance in maintaining one's standpoint would lead to downfall.
初六:剥床以足,蔑贞凶。

Six at the beginning means:

The leg of the bed is split.
Those who persevere are destroyed.
Misfortune.



Inferior people are on the rise and stealthily begin their destructive burrowing from below in order to undermine the place where the superior man rests. Those followers of the ruler who remain loyal are destroyed by slander and intrigue. The situation bodes disaster, yet there is nothing to do but wait.
the Sign of hexagram Splitting Apart !is:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain

The dark lines are about to mount upward and overthrow the last firm, light line by exerting a disintegrating influence on it. The inferior, dark forces overcome what is superior and strong, not by direct means, but by undermining it gradually and imperceptibly, so that it finally collapses.
The lines of the hexagram present the image of a house, the top line being the roof, and because the roof is being shattered the house collapses. The hexagram belongs to the ninth month (October-November). The yin power pushes up ever more powerfully and is about to supplant the yang power altogether.

The sequence:
When one goes too far in adornment, success exhausts itself. Hence there follows the hexagram of Splitting Apart. Splitting apart means ruin.

Miscellaneous notes:
Splitting Apart means decay.
The thought here, taken together with that in the next hexagram, shows the connection between decay and resurrection. Fruit must decay before new seed can develop.

The sinking tendency of the hexagram is very strong. Both nuclear trigrams as well as the lower primary trigram are Kun, whose movement is downward. In contrast with this the upper primary trigram Gen stands still, without motion. This leads to a loosening of the structure. The tendency of the five yin lines is to bring about the downfall of the yang line at the top, in that they sink down and thus take the ground from under it. Here too the fundamental trend of the Book of Changes is expressed: the light principle is represented as invincible because in its sinking it creates new life, as does a grain of wheat when it sinks into the earth.
the Judgement for hexagram Splitting Apart !is:

剥:不利有攸往。

Splitting Apart.
It does not further one
To go anywhere.



This pictures a time when inferior people are pushing forward and are about to crowd out the few remaining strong and superior men. Under these circumstances, which are due to the time, it is not favorable for the superior man to undertake anything. The right behavior in such adverse times is to be deduced from the images and their attributes. The lower trigram stands for the earth, whose attributes. The lower trigram stands for the earth, whose attributes are docility and devotion. The upper trigram stands for the mountain, whose attribute is stillness. This suggests that one should submit to the bad time and remain quiet. For it is a question not of man's doing but of time conditions, which, according to the laws of heaven, show an alternation of increase and decrease, fullness and emptiness. It is impossible to counteract these conditions of the time. Hence it is not cowardice but wisdom to submit and avoid action.

Commentary on the Decision:

剥,剥也,柔变刚也。不利有攸往,小人长也。顺而止之,观象也。君子尚消息盈虚,天行也。

Splitting Apart. means ruin. The yielding changes the firm.
“It does not further one to go anywhere.” Inferior people increase.
Devotion and keeping still result from contemplating the image. The superior man takes heed of the alternation of increase and decrease, fullness and emptiness; for it is the course of heaven.



The yielding element changes the strong by imperceptible gradual influence. The yin lines are about to increase. This gives us the attitude of the superior man in such times, an attitude that derives from the two trigrams. In accordance with the attribute of the trigram Kun, he is devoted; in accordance with that of Gen he is calm, which means that he undertakes nothing, because the time is not yet come. Thus he submits to the course of heaven, which alternates between decrease and increase, in that whatever is full decreases and whatever is empty increases.
the Image going with hexagram Splitting Apart !is:

山附地上,剥;上以厚下,安宅。

The mountain rests on the earth:
The image of Splitting Apart.
Thus those above can ensure their position
Only by giving generously to those below.



The broader the base of the mountain, the less is it liable to splitting apart. Here it is not so much the condition of splitting apart that is set forth as the condition that can prevent it. Hence also it is not the waning of the light principle and the waxing of the shadowy that are to be considered, but the solidity of the foundation. Through generous giving, such as lies in the nature of the earth (Kun), an assured calm, such as lies in the nature of the mountain (Gen), is attained.




the nuclear hexagram:

2. Kun
the Receptive

@
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain

The dark lines are about to mount upward and overthrow the last firm, light line by exerting a disintegrating influence on it. The inferior, dark forces overcome what is superior and strong, not by direct means, but by undermining it gradually and imperceptibly, so that it finally collapses.
The lines of the hexagram present the image of a house, the top line being the roof, and because the roof is being shattered the house collapses. The hexagram belongs to the ninth month (October-November). The yin power pushes up ever more powerfully and is about to supplant the yang power altogether.

The sequence:
When one goes too far in adornment, success exhausts itself. Hence there follows the hexagram of Splitting Apart. Splitting apart means ruin.

Miscellaneous notes:
Splitting Apart means decay.
The thought here, taken together with that in the next hexagram, shows the connection between decay and resurrection. Fruit must decay before new seed can develop.

The sinking tendency of the hexagram is very strong. Both nuclear trigrams as well as the lower primary trigram are Kun, whose movement is downward. In contrast with this the upper primary trigram Gen stands still, without motion. This leads to a loosening of the structure. The tendency of the five yin lines is to bring about the downfall of the yang line at the top, in that they sink down and thus take the ground from under it. Here too the fundamental trend of the Book of Changes is expressed: the light principle is represented as invincible because in its sinking it creates new life, as does a grain of wheat when it sinks into the earth.


the Judgement:

剥:不利有攸往。

Splitting Apart.
It does not further one
To go anywhere.



This pictures a time when inferior people are pushing forward and are about to crowd out the few remaining strong and superior men. Under these circumstances, which are due to the time, it is not favorable for the superior man to undertake anything. The right behavior in such adverse times is to be deduced from the images and their attributes. The lower trigram stands for the earth, whose attributes. The lower trigram stands for the earth, whose attributes are docility and devotion. The upper trigram stands for the mountain, whose attribute is stillness. This suggests that one should submit to the bad time and remain quiet. For it is a question not of man's doing but of time conditions, which, according to the laws of heaven, show an alternation of increase and decrease, fullness and emptiness. It is impossible to counteract these conditions of the time. Hence it is not cowardice but wisdom to submit and avoid action.

Commentary on the Decision:

剥,剥也,柔变刚也。不利有攸往,小人长也。顺而止之,观象也。君子尚消息盈虚,天行也。

Splitting Apart. means ruin. The yielding changes the firm.
“It does not further one to go anywhere.” Inferior people increase.
Devotion and keeping still result from contemplating the image. The superior man takes heed of the alternation of increase and decrease, fullness and emptiness; for it is the course of heaven.
 


The yielding element changes the strong by imperceptible gradual influence. The yin lines are about to increase. This gives us the attitude of the superior man in such times, an attitude that derives from the two trigrams. In accordance with the attribute of the trigram Kun, he is devoted; in accordance with that of Gen he is calm, which means that he undertakes nothing, because the time is not yet come. Thus he submits to the course of heaven, which alternates between decrease and increase, in that whatever is full decreases and whatever is empty increases.


the Image:

山附地上,剥;上以厚下,安宅。

The mountain rests on the earth:
The image of Splitting Apart.
Thus those above can ensure their position
Only by giving generously to those below.



The broader the base of the mountain, the less is it liable to splitting apart. Here it is not so much the condition of splitting apart that is set forth as the condition that can prevent it. Hence also it is not the waning of the light principle and the waxing of the shadowy that are to be considered, but the solidity of the foundation. Through generous giving, such as lies in the nature of the earth (Kun), an assured calm, such as lies in the nature of the mountain (Gen), is attained.


the Lines:


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
上九:硕果不食,君子得舆,小人剥庐。

Nine at the top means:

There is a large fruit still uneaten.
The superior man receives a carriage.
The house of the inferior man is split apart.



Here the splitting apart reaches its end. When misfortune has spent itself, better times return. The seed of the good remains, and it is just when the fruit falls to the ground that food sprouts anew from its seed. The superior man again attains influence and effectiveness. He is supported by public opinion as if in a carriage. But the inferior man's wickedness is visited upon himself. His house is split apart. A law of nature is at work here. Evil is not destructive to the good alone but inevitably destroys itself as well. For evil, which lives solely by negation, cannot continue to exist on its own strength alone. The inferior man himself fares best when held under control by a superior man.


六五:贲于丘园,束帛戋戋,吝,终吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

A shoal of fishes. Favor comes through the court ladies.
Everything acts to further.



Here, in immediate proximity to the strong, light-giving principle at the top, the nature of the dark force undergoes a change. It no longer opposes the strong principle by means of intrigues but submits to its guidance. Indeed, as the head of the other weak lines, it leads all of these to the strong line, just as a princess leads her maids-in-waiting like a shoal of fishes to her husband and thus gains his favor. Inasmuch as the lower element thus voluntarily places itself under the higher, it attains happiness and the higher also receives its due. Therefore all goes well.


六四:剥床以肤,凶。

Six in the fourth place means:

The bed is split up to the skin.
Misfortune.



Here the disaster affects not only the resting place but even the occupant. No warning or other comment is added. Misfortune has reached its peak: it can no longer be warded off.


六三:剥之,无咎。

Six in the third place means:

He splits with them. No blame.



An individual finds himself in an evil environment to which he is committed by external ties. But he has an inner relationship with a superior man, and through this he attains the stability to free himself from the way of the inferior people around him. This brings him into opposition to them of course, but that is not wrong.


六二:剥床以辨,蔑贞凶。

Six in the second place means:

The bed is split at the edge.
Those who persevere are destroyed.
Misfortune.



The power of the inferior people is growing. The danger draws close to one's person; already there are clear indication, and rest is disturbed. Moreover, in this dangerous situation one is as yet without help or friendly advances from above or below. Extreme caution is necessary in this isolation. One must adjust to the time and promptly avoid the danger. Stubborn perseverance in maintaining one's standpoint would lead to downfall.


初六:剥床以足,蔑贞凶。

Six at the beginning means:

The leg of the bed is split.
Those who persevere are destroyed.
Misfortune.



Inferior people are on the rise and stealthily begin their destructive burrowing from below in order to undermine the place where the superior man rests. Those followers of the ruler who remain loyal are destroyed by slander and intrigue. The situation bodes disaster, yet there is nothing to do but wait.