home
my Question jounal
search for a hexagram ask a question draw a hexagram
what is the Yijing? the Ten Wings foreword by Jung preface by Wilhelm Dutch flag about us
support our site
Fu Xi Earlier Heaven bagua arrangement
易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

Ancient Chinese coins

易經
het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:









56. Lü

the Wanderer



<
上九:鸟焚其巢,旅人先笑后号啕。丧牛于易,凶。

Nine at the top means:

The bird's nest burns up.
The wanderer laughs at first,
Then must needs lament and weep.
Through carelessness he loses his cow.
Misfortune.




The picture of a bird whose nest burns up indicates loss of one's resting place. This misfortune may overtake the bird if it is heedless and imprudent when building its nest. It is the same with a wanderer. If he lets himself go, laughing and jesting, and forgets that he is a wanderer, he will later have cause to weep and lament. For if through carelessness a man loses his cow - i.e., his modesty and adaptability - evil will result..
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:射雉一矢亡,终以誉命。

Six in the fifth place means:

He shoots a pheasant.
It drops with the first arrow.
In the end this brings both praise and office.




Traveling statesman were in the habit of introducing themselves to local princes with the gift of a pheasant, killing it at the first shot. Thus he finds friends who praise and recommend him, and in the end the prince accepts him and confers an office upon him. Circumstances often cause a man to seek a home in foreign parts. If he knows how to meet the situation and how to introduce himself in the right way, he may find a circle of friends and a sphere of activity even in a strange country.
九四:旅于处,得其资斧,我心不快。

Nine in the fourth place means:

The wanderer rests in a shelter.
He obtains his property and an ax.
My heart is not glad.




This describes a wanderer who knows how to limit his desires outwardly, though he is inwardly strong and aspiring. Therefore he finds at least a place of shelter in which he can stay. He also succeeds in acquiring property, but even with this he is not secure. He must be always on guard, ready to defend himself with arms. Hence he is not at ease. He is persistently conscious of being a stranger in a strange land.
九三:旅焚其次,丧其童仆,贞厉。

Nine in the third place means:

The wanderer's inn burns down.
He loses the steadfastness of his young servant.
Danger.




A truculent stranger does not know how to behave properly. He meddles in affairs and controversies that do not concern him; thus he loses his resting place. He treats his servant with aloofness and arrogance; thus he loses the man's loyalty. When a stranger in a strange land has no one left on whom he can rely, the situation becomes very dangerous.
六二:旅即次,怀其资,得童仆贞。

Six in the second place means:

The wanderer comes to an inn.
He has his property with him.
He wins the steadfastness of a young servant.




The wanderer her described is modest and reserved. He does not lose touch with his inner being, hence he finds a resting place. In the outside world he does not lose the liking of other people, hence all persons further him, so that he can acquire property. Moreover, he wins the allegiance of a faithful and trustworthy servant-a thing of inestimable value to a wanderer.
初六:旅琐琐,斯其所取灾。

Six at the beginning means:

If the wanderer busies himself with trivial things,
He draws down misfortune upon himself.




A wanderer should not demean himself or busy himself with inferior things he meets with along the way. The humbler and more defenseless his outward position, the more should he preserve his inner dignity. For a stranger is mistaken if he hopes to find a friendly reception through lending himself to jokes and buffoonery. The result will be only contempt and insulting treatment.
the Sign of hexagram the Wanderer Iis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain

The mountain, Gen, stands still; above it fire, Li, flames up and does not tarry. Therefore the two trigrams do not stay together. Strange lands and separation are the wanderer's lot.

The sequence:
Whatever greatness may exhaust itself upon, this much is certain: it loses its home. Hence there follows the hexagram of the Wanderer.

Miscellaneous notes:
He who has few friends: this is the Wanderer.

This hexagram is so organized that the two primary trigrams tend to pull apart. Li, flame, goes upward, Gen, the mountain, presses downward; their union is only temporary. Gen (mountain) is a hostel, Li (fire) is the wanderer who does not tarry there long but must push on. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.
the Judgement for hexagram the Wanderer Iis:

旅:小亨,旅贞吉。

The Wanderer. Success through smallness.
Perseverence brings good fortune
To the wanderer.




When a man is a wanderer and stranger, he should not be gruff nor overbearing. He has no large circle of acquaintances, therefore he should not give himself airs. He must be cautious and reserved; in this way he protects himself from evil. If he is obliging toward others, he wins success. A wanderer has no fixed abode; his home is the road. Therefore he must take care to remain upright and steadfast, so that he sojourns only in the proper places, associating only with good people. Then he has good fortune and can go his way unmolested.

Commentary on the Decision:

旅,小亨,柔得中乎外,而顺乎刚,止而丽乎明,是以小亨,旅贞吉也。旅之时义大矣哉!

“The Wanderer. Success through smallness”: the yielding attains the middle outside and submits to the firm.
Keeping still and adhering to clarity; hence success in small things.
“Perseverance brings good fortune to the wanderer.” The meaning of the time of the Wanderer is truly great.




The ruler of the hexagram is the six in the fifth place. It is yielding, hence it represents reserve and unpretentiousness. It is in the middle, hence it cannot be humiliated, though it is outside, in a strange land. It submits to the strong lines above and below, hence does not provoke misfortune. The lower trigram Gen indicates keeping still, inner reserve, while the upper trigram Li indicates clinging to outside things. A wanderer in a foreign country cannot easily find his proper place, hence it is a great thing to grasp the meaning of the time.
the Image going with hexagram the Wanderer Iis:

山上有火,旅;君子以明慎用刑,而不留狱。

Fire on the mountain:
The image of the Wanderer.
Thus the superior man
Is clear-minded and cautious
In imposing penalties,
And protracts no lawsuits.




When grass on a mountain takes fire, there is bright light. However, the fire does not linger in one place, but travels on to new fuel. It is a phenomenon of short duration. This is what penalties and lawsuits should be like. They should be a quickly passing matter, and must not be dragged out indefinitely. Prisons ought to be places where people are lodged only temporarily, as guests are. They must not become dwelling places.




the nuclear hexagram:
大过
28. Da Guo
Preponderance of the Great

v
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain

The mountain, Gen, stands still; above it fire, Li, flames up and does not tarry. Therefore the two trigrams do not stay together. Strange lands and separation are the wanderer's lot.

The sequence:
Whatever greatness may exhaust itself upon, this much is certain: it loses its home. Hence there follows the hexagram of the Wanderer.

Miscellaneous notes:
He who has few friends: this is the Wanderer.

This hexagram is so organized that the two primary trigrams tend to pull apart. Li, flame, goes upward, Gen, the mountain, presses downward; their union is only temporary. Gen (mountain) is a hostel, Li (fire) is the wanderer who does not tarry there long but must push on. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.


the Judgement:

旅:小亨,旅贞吉。

The Wanderer. Success through smallness.
Perseverence brings good fortune
To the wanderer.




When a man is a wanderer and stranger, he should not be gruff nor overbearing. He has no large circle of acquaintances, therefore he should not give himself airs. He must be cautious and reserved; in this way he protects himself from evil. If he is obliging toward others, he wins success. A wanderer has no fixed abode; his home is the road. Therefore he must take care to remain upright and steadfast, so that he sojourns only in the proper places, associating only with good people. Then he has good fortune and can go his way unmolested.

Commentary on the Decision:

旅,小亨,柔得中乎外,而顺乎刚,止而丽乎明,是以小亨,旅贞吉也。旅之时义大矣哉!

“The Wanderer. Success through smallness”: the yielding attains the middle outside and submits to the firm.
Keeping still and adhering to clarity; hence success in small things.
“Perseverance brings good fortune to the wanderer.” The meaning of the time of the Wanderer is truly great.
 



The ruler of the hexagram is the six in the fifth place. It is yielding, hence it represents reserve and unpretentiousness. It is in the middle, hence it cannot be humiliated, though it is outside, in a strange land. It submits to the strong lines above and below, hence does not provoke misfortune. The lower trigram Gen indicates keeping still, inner reserve, while the upper trigram Li indicates clinging to outside things. A wanderer in a foreign country cannot easily find his proper place, hence it is a great thing to grasp the meaning of the time.


the Image:

山上有火,旅;君子以明慎用刑,而不留狱。

Fire on the mountain:
The image of the Wanderer.
Thus the superior man
Is clear-minded and cautious
In imposing penalties,
And protracts no lawsuits.




When grass on a mountain takes fire, there is bright light. However, the fire does not linger in one place, but travels on to new fuel. It is a phenomenon of short duration. This is what penalties and lawsuits should be like. They should be a quickly passing matter, and must not be dragged out indefinitely. Prisons ought to be places where people are lodged only temporarily, as guests are. They must not become dwelling places.


the Lines:


上九:鸟焚其巢,旅人先笑后号啕。丧牛于易,凶。

Nine at the top means:

The bird's nest burns up.
The wanderer laughs at first,
Then must needs lament and weep.
Through carelessness he loses his cow.
Misfortune.




The picture of a bird whose nest burns up indicates loss of one's resting place. This misfortune may overtake the bird if it is heedless and imprudent when building its nest. It is the same with a wanderer. If he lets himself go, laughing and jesting, and forgets that he is a wanderer, he will later have cause to weep and lament. For if through carelessness a man loses his cow - i.e., his modesty and adaptability - evil will result..


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:射雉一矢亡,终以誉命。

Six in the fifth place means:

He shoots a pheasant.
It drops with the first arrow.
In the end this brings both praise and office.




Traveling statesman were in the habit of introducing themselves to local princes with the gift of a pheasant, killing it at the first shot. Thus he finds friends who praise and recommend him, and in the end the prince accepts him and confers an office upon him. Circumstances often cause a man to seek a home in foreign parts. If he knows how to meet the situation and how to introduce himself in the right way, he may find a circle of friends and a sphere of activity even in a strange country.


九四:旅于处,得其资斧,我心不快。

Nine in the fourth place means:

The wanderer rests in a shelter.
He obtains his property and an ax.
My heart is not glad.




This describes a wanderer who knows how to limit his desires outwardly, though he is inwardly strong and aspiring. Therefore he finds at least a place of shelter in which he can stay. He also succeeds in acquiring property, but even with this he is not secure. He must be always on guard, ready to defend himself with arms. Hence he is not at ease. He is persistently conscious of being a stranger in a strange land.


九三:旅焚其次,丧其童仆,贞厉。

Nine in the third place means:

The wanderer's inn burns down.
He loses the steadfastness of his young servant.
Danger.




A truculent stranger does not know how to behave properly. He meddles in affairs and controversies that do not concern him; thus he loses his resting place. He treats his servant with aloofness and arrogance; thus he loses the man's loyalty. When a stranger in a strange land has no one left on whom he can rely, the situation becomes very dangerous.


六二:旅即次,怀其资,得童仆贞。

Six in the second place means:

The wanderer comes to an inn.
He has his property with him.
He wins the steadfastness of a young servant.




The wanderer her described is modest and reserved. He does not lose touch with his inner being, hence he finds a resting place. In the outside world he does not lose the liking of other people, hence all persons further him, so that he can acquire property. Moreover, he wins the allegiance of a faithful and trustworthy servant-a thing of inestimable value to a wanderer.


初六:旅琐琐,斯其所取灾。

Six at the beginning means:

If the wanderer busies himself with trivial things,
He draws down misfortune upon himself.




A wanderer should not demean himself or busy himself with inferior things he meets with along the way. The humbler and more defenseless his outward position, the more should he preserve his inner dignity. For a stranger is mistaken if he hopes to find a friendly reception through lending himself to jokes and buffoonery. The result will be only contempt and insulting treatment.