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易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

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易經
het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:









44. Gou

Coming to Meet



<
上九:姤其角,吝,无咎。

Nine at the top means:

He comes to meet with his horns.
Humiliation. No blame.



When a man has withdrawn from the world, its tumult often becomes unbearable to him. There are many people who in a noble pride hold themselves aloof from all that is low and rebuff it brusquely wherever it comes to meet them. Such persons are reproached for being proud and distant, but since active duties no longer hold them to the world, this does not greatly matter. They know how to bear the dislike of the masses with composure.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九五:以杞包瓜,含章,有陨自天。

Nine in the fifth place means:

A melon covered with willow leaves.
Hidden lines.
Then it drops down to one from heave.



The melon, like the fish, is a symbol of the principle of darkness. It is sweet but spoils easily and for this reason is protected with a cover of willow leaves. This is a situation in which a strong, superior, well-poised man tolerates and protects the inferiors in his charge. He has the firm lines of order an beauty within himself but he does not lay stress upon them. He does not bother his subordinates with outward show or tiresome admonitions but leaves them quite free, putting his trust in the transforming power of a strong and upright personality. And behold! Fate is favorable. His inferiors respond to his influence and fall to his disposition like ripe fruit.
九四:包无鱼,起凶。

Nine in the fourth place means:

No fish in the tank.
This leads to misfortune.



Insignificant people must be tolerated in order to keep them well disposed. Then we can make use of them if we should need them. If we become alienated from them and do not meet them halfway, they turn their backs on us and are not at our disposal when we need them. But this is our own fault.
九三:臀无肤,其行次且,厉,无大咎。

Nine in the third place means:

There is no skin on his thighs,
And walking comes hard.
If one is mindful of the danger,
No great mistake is made.



There is a temptation to fall in with the evil element offering itself-a very dangerous situation. Fortunately circumstances prevent this; one would like to do it, but cannot. This leads to painful indecision in behavior. But if we gain clear insight into the danger of the situation, we shall at least avoid more serious mistakes.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九二:包有鱼,无咎,不利宾。

Nine in the second place means:

There is a fish in the tank. No blame.
Does not further guests..



The inferior element is not overcome by violence but is kept under gentle control. Then nothing evil is to be feared. But care must be taken not to let it come in contact with those further away, because once free it would unfold its evil aspects unchecked.
the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
初六:系于金柅,贞吉,有攸往,见凶,羸豕孚蹢躅。

Six at the beginning means:

It must be checked with a brake of bronze.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
If one lets it take its course, one experiences misfortune.
Even a lean pig has it in him to rage around.



If an inferior element has wormed its way in, it must be energetically checked at once. By consistently checking it, bad effects can be avoided. If it is allowed to take its course, misfortune is bound to result; the insignificance of that which creeps in should not be a temptation to underrate it.
A pig that is still young and lean cannot rage around much, but after it has eaten its fill and become strong, its true nature comes out if it has not previously been curbed.
the Sign of hexagram Coming to Meet bis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

This hexagram indicates a situation in which the principle of darkness, after having been eliminated, furtively and unexpectedly obtrudes again from within and below. Of its own accord the female principle comes to meet the male. It is an unfavorable and dangerous situation, and we must understand and promptly prevent the possible consequences. The hexagram is linked with the fifth month [June-July], because at the summer solstice the principle of darkness gradually becomes ascendant again.

The sequence:
Through resoluteness one is certain to encounter something. Hence there follows the hexagram of Coming to Meet. Coming to meet means encountering.

Miscellaneous notes:
Coming to Meet means encountering.

Coming to meet means encountering. The lower trigram is Xun, wind, which drives along beneath Qian, heaven, the upper trigram, and hence encounters all things. Furthermore, a yin line develops below, so that the dark principle thus unexpectedly encounters the light. The movement is initiated by the dark principle, the feminine, which advances to meet the light principle, the masculine. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.
the Judgement for hexagram Coming to Meet bis:

姤:女壮,勿用取女。

Coming to Meet. The maiden is powerful.
One should not marry such a maiden.



The rise of the inferior element is pictured here in the image of a bold girl who lightly surrenders herself and thus seizes power. This would not be possible if the strong and light-giving element had not in turn come halfway. The inferior thing seems so harmless and inviting that a man delights in it; it looks so small and weak that he imagines he may dally with it and come to no harm.
The inferior man rises only because the superior man does not regard him as dangerous and so lends him power. If he were resisted from the fist, he could never gain influence.
The time of Coming to Meet is important in still another way. Although as a general rule the weak should not come to meet the strong, there are times when this has great significance. When heaven and earth come to meet each other, all creatures prosper; when a prince and his official come to meet each other, the world is put in order. It is necessary for elements predestined to be joined and mutually dependent to come to meet one another halfway. But the coming together must be free of dishonest ulterior motives, otherwise harm will result.

Commentary on the Decision:

姤,遇也,柔遇刚也。勿用取女,不可与长也。天地相遇,品物咸章也。刚遇中正,天下大行也。姤之时义大矣哉!

Coming to Meet means encountering. The weak advances to meet the firm.
“One should not marry such a maiden.” This means that one cannot live with her permanently.
When heaven and earth meet, all creatures settle into firm lines.
When the firm finds the middle and the right, everything under heaven prospers splendidly.
Great indeed is the meaning of the time of Coming to Meet.



Xun is the eldest daughter. A yin line develops within and rules the hexagram, while the yang lines stand aside as guests. In this way the yin element becomes increasingly powerful. This is the line of the trigram Kun of which it is said: “When there is hoarfrost underfoot, solid ice is not far off.” Hence the gradual expansion must be checked in time, for the way of inferior people increases only because superior men entrust them with power. If this is avoided when the inferior element first appears, the danger can be averted.
When the strong element appears for the first time in the midst of yin lines, the hexagram is called Fu, Return (24). The superior man always stays where he belongs. He comes only into his own domain. When the weak element first appears in the midst of yang lines, the hexagram is called Coming to Meet (or Encountering). The inferior man always has to depend on a lucky chance.
Marriage is an institution that is meant to endure. But if a girl associates with five men, her nature is not pure and one cannot live with her permanently. Therefore one should not marry her.
However, things that must be avoided in human society have meaning in the processes of nature. Here the meeting of earthly and heavenly forces is of great significance, because at the moment when the earthly force enters and the heavenly force is at its height - in the fifth month - all things unfold to the high point of their material manifestation, and the dark force cannot injure the light force. The two rulers of the hexagram, the nine in the fifth place and the nine in the second, likewise symbolize such a fortunate meeting. Here a strong and central assistant meets a strong, central, and correct ruler. A great flowering results, and the inferior element below can do no harm. Thus it is an important time, the time of the meeting of the light with the dark.
the Image going with hexagram Coming to Meet bis:

天下有风,姤;后以施命诰四方。

Under heaven, wind:
The image of Coming to Meet.
Thus does the prince act when disseminating his commands
And proclaiming them to the four quarters of heaven.



The situation here resembles that in hexagram 20, Guan, Contemplation (View). In the latter the wind blows over the earth, here it blows under heaven; in both cases it goes everywhere. There the wind is on the earth and symbolizes the ruler taking note of the conditions in his kingdom; here the wind blows from above and symbolizes the influence exercised by the ruler through his commands. Heaven is far from the things of earth, but it sets them in motion by means of the wind. The ruler is far form his people, but he sets them in motion by means of his commands and decrees.




the nuclear hexagram:

1. Qian
the Creative

a
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

This hexagram indicates a situation in which the principle of darkness, after having been eliminated, furtively and unexpectedly obtrudes again from within and below. Of its own accord the female principle comes to meet the male. It is an unfavorable and dangerous situation, and we must understand and promptly prevent the possible consequences. The hexagram is linked with the fifth month [June-July], because at the summer solstice the principle of darkness gradually becomes ascendant again.

The sequence:
Through resoluteness one is certain to encounter something. Hence there follows the hexagram of Coming to Meet. Coming to meet means encountering.

Miscellaneous notes:
Coming to Meet means encountering.

Coming to meet means encountering. The lower trigram is Xun, wind, which drives along beneath Qian, heaven, the upper trigram, and hence encounters all things. Furthermore, a yin line develops below, so that the dark principle thus unexpectedly encounters the light. The movement is initiated by the dark principle, the feminine, which advances to meet the light principle, the masculine. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.


the Judgement:

姤:女壮,勿用取女。

Coming to Meet. The maiden is powerful.
One should not marry such a maiden.



The rise of the inferior element is pictured here in the image of a bold girl who lightly surrenders herself and thus seizes power. This would not be possible if the strong and light-giving element had not in turn come halfway. The inferior thing seems so harmless and inviting that a man delights in it; it looks so small and weak that he imagines he may dally with it and come to no harm.
The inferior man rises only because the superior man does not regard him as dangerous and so lends him power. If he were resisted from the fist, he could never gain influence.
The time of Coming to Meet is important in still another way. Although as a general rule the weak should not come to meet the strong, there are times when this has great significance. When heaven and earth come to meet each other, all creatures prosper; when a prince and his official come to meet each other, the world is put in order. It is necessary for elements predestined to be joined and mutually dependent to come to meet one another halfway. But the coming together must be free of dishonest ulterior motives, otherwise harm will result.

Commentary on the Decision:

姤,遇也,柔遇刚也。勿用取女,不可与长也。天地相遇,品物咸章也。刚遇中正,天下大行也。姤之时义大矣哉!

Coming to Meet means encountering. The weak advances to meet the firm.
“One should not marry such a maiden.” This means that one cannot live with her permanently.
When heaven and earth meet, all creatures settle into firm lines.
When the firm finds the middle and the right, everything under heaven prospers splendidly.
Great indeed is the meaning of the time of Coming to Meet.



Xun is the eldest daughter. A yin line develops within and rules the hexagram, while the yang lines stand aside as guests. In this way the yin element becomes increasingly powerful. This is the line of the trigram Kun of which it is said: “When there is hoarfrost underfoot, solid ice is not far off.” Hence the gradual expansion must be checked in time, for the way of inferior people increases only because superior men entrust them with power. If this is avoided when the inferior element first appears, the danger can be averted.
When the strong element appears for the first time in the midst of yin lines, the hexagram is called Fu, Return (24). The superior man always stays where he belongs. He comes only into his own domain. When the weak element first appears in the midst of yang lines, the hexagram is called Coming to Meet (or Encountering). The inferior man always has to depend on a lucky chance.
Marriage is an institution that is meant to endure. But if a girl associates with five men, her nature is not pure and one cannot live with her permanently. Therefore one should not marry her.
However, things that must be avoided in human society have meaning in the processes of nature. Here the meeting of earthly and heavenly forces is of great significance, because at the moment when the earthly force enters and the heavenly force is at its height - in the fifth month - all things unfold to the high point of their material manifestation, and the dark force cannot injure the light force. The two rulers of the hexagram, the nine in the fifth place and the nine in the second, likewise symbolize such a fortunate meeting. Here a strong and central assistant meets a strong, central, and correct ruler. A great flowering results, and the inferior element below can do no harm. Thus it is an important time, the time of the meeting of the light with the dark.


the Image:

天下有风,姤;后以施命诰四方。

Under heaven, wind:
The image of Coming to Meet.
Thus does the prince act when disseminating his commands
And proclaiming them to the four quarters of heaven.



The situation here resembles that in hexagram 20, Guan, Contemplation (View). In the latter the wind blows over the earth, here it blows under heaven; in both cases it goes everywhere. There the wind is on the earth and symbolizes the ruler taking note of the conditions in his kingdom; here the wind blows from above and symbolizes the influence exercised by the ruler through his commands. Heaven is far from the things of earth, but it sets them in motion by means of the wind. The ruler is far form his people, but he sets them in motion by means of his commands and decrees.


the Lines:


上九:姤其角,吝,无咎。

Nine at the top means:

He comes to meet with his horns.
Humiliation. No blame.



When a man has withdrawn from the world, its tumult often becomes unbearable to him. There are many people who in a noble pride hold themselves aloof from all that is low and rebuff it brusquely wherever it comes to meet them. Such persons are reproached for being proud and distant, but since active duties no longer hold them to the world, this does not greatly matter. They know how to bear the dislike of the masses with composure.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九五:以杞包瓜,含章,有陨自天。

Nine in the fifth place means:

A melon covered with willow leaves.
Hidden lines.
Then it drops down to one from heave.



The melon, like the fish, is a symbol of the principle of darkness. It is sweet but spoils easily and for this reason is protected with a cover of willow leaves. This is a situation in which a strong, superior, well-poised man tolerates and protects the inferiors in his charge. He has the firm lines of order an beauty within himself but he does not lay stress upon them. He does not bother his subordinates with outward show or tiresome admonitions but leaves them quite free, putting his trust in the transforming power of a strong and upright personality. And behold! Fate is favorable. His inferiors respond to his influence and fall to his disposition like ripe fruit.


九四:包无鱼,起凶。

Nine in the fourth place means:

No fish in the tank.
This leads to misfortune.



Insignificant people must be tolerated in order to keep them well disposed. Then we can make use of them if we should need them. If we become alienated from them and do not meet them halfway, they turn their backs on us and are not at our disposal when we need them. But this is our own fault.


九三:臀无肤,其行次且,厉,无大咎。

Nine in the third place means:

There is no skin on his thighs,
And walking comes hard.
If one is mindful of the danger,
No great mistake is made.



There is a temptation to fall in with the evil element offering itself-a very dangerous situation. Fortunately circumstances prevent this; one would like to do it, but cannot. This leads to painful indecision in behavior. But if we gain clear insight into the danger of the situation, we shall at least avoid more serious mistakes.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九二:包有鱼,无咎,不利宾。

Nine in the second place means:

There is a fish in the tank. No blame.
Does not further guests..



The inferior element is not overcome by violence but is kept under gentle control. Then nothing evil is to be feared. But care must be taken not to let it come in contact with those further away, because once free it would unfold its evil aspects unchecked.


the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
初六:系于金柅,贞吉,有攸往,见凶,羸豕孚蹢躅。

Six at the beginning means:

It must be checked with a brake of bronze.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
If one lets it take its course, one experiences misfortune.
Even a lean pig has it in him to rage around.



If an inferior element has wormed its way in, it must be energetically checked at once. By consistently checking it, bad effects can be avoided. If it is allowed to take its course, misfortune is bound to result; the insignificance of that which creeps in should not be a temptation to underrate it.
A pig that is still young and lean cannot rage around much, but after it has eaten its fill and become strong, its true nature comes out if it has not previously been curbed.