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Fu Xi Earlier Heaven bagua arrangement
易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

Ancient Chinese coins

易經
het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:








大畜

26. Da Chu

the Taming Power of the Great



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the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
上九:何天之衢,亨。

Nine at the top means:

One attains the way of heaven.



The time of obstruction is past. The energy long dammed up by inhibition forces its way out and achieves great success. This refers to a man who is honored by the ruler and whose principles now prevail and shape the world.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:豶豕之牙,吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

The tusk of a gelded boar.
Good fortune.



Here the restraining of the impetuous forward drive is achieved in an indirect way. A boar's tusk is in itself dangerous, but if the boar's nature is altered, the tusk is no longer a menace. Thus also where men are concerned, wild force should not be combated directly; instead, its roots should be eradicated.
六四:童牛之牿,元吉。

Six in the fourth place means:

The headboard of a young bull.
Great good fortune.



This line and the one following it are the two that tame the forward-pushing lower lines. Before a bull's horns grow out, a headboard is fastened to its forehead, so that later when the horns appear they cannot do harm. A good way to restrain wild force is to forestall it. By so doing one achieves an easy and great success.
九三:良马逐,利艰贞。曰闲舆卫,利有攸往。

Nine in the third place means.

A good horse that follows others.
Awareness of danger,
With perseverance, furthers.
Practice chariot driving and armed defense daily.
En verdediging met wapens.
It furthers one to have somewhere to go.



The way opens; the hindrance has been cleared away. A man is in contact with a strong will acting in the same direction as his own, and goes forward like one good horse following another. But danger still threatens, and he must remain aware of it, or he will be robbed of his firmness. Thus he must acquire skill on the one hand in what will take him forward, and on the other in what will protect him against unforeseen attacks. It is good in such a pass to have a goal toward which to strive.
九二:舆说輹。

Nine in the second place means:

The axletrees are taken from the wagon.



Here advance is checked just as in the third line of hexagram 9 the Taming Power of the Small. However, in the later the restraining force is slight; thus a conflict arises between the propulsive and the restraining movement, as a result of which the spokes fall out of the wagon wheels, while here the restraining force is absolutely superior; hence no struggle takes place. One submits and removes the axletrees from the wagon -in other words, contents himself with waiting. In this way energy accumulates for a vigorous advance later on.
初九:有厉利已。

Nine at the beginning means:

Danger is at hand. It furthers one to desist.



A man wishes to make vigorous advance, but circumstances present an obstacle. He sees himself held back firmly. If he should attempt to fore an advance, it would lead him into misfortune. Therefore it is better for him to compose himself and to wait until an outlet is offered for release of his stored-up energies.
the Sign of hexagram the Taming Power of the Great kis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

The Creative is tamed by Gen, Keeping Still. This produces great power, a situation in contrast to that of the ninth hexagram, Xiao Xu, the Taming Power of the Small, in which the Creative is tamed by the Gentle alone. There one weak line must tame five strong lines, but here four strong lines are restrained by two weak lines; in addition to a minister, there is a prince, and the restraining power therefore is afar stronger. The hexagram has a threefold meaning, expressing different aspects of the concept "Holding firm." Heaven within the mountain gives the idea of holding firm in the sense of holding together; the trigram Gen which holds the trigram Qian still, gives the idea of holding firm in the sense of holding back; the third idea is that of holding firm in the sense of caring for and nourishing. This last is suggested by the fact that a strong line at the top, which is the ruler of the hexagram, is honored and tended as a sage. The third of these meanings also attaches specifically to this strong line at the top, which represents the sage.

The sequence:
When innocence is present, it is possible to tame. Hence there follows the Taming Power of the Great.

Holding fast to heavenly virtue is the prerequisite for innocence. On the other hand, innocence is the indispensable condition for being able to hold fast to pristine heavenly virtue.

Miscellaneous notes:
The Taming Power of the Great depends on the time.

The movements of the two trigrams are toward each other. The Creative below presses powerfully upward, and Keeping Still above holds it fast. The nuclear trigrams Zhen and Dui also have a tendency to rise, the upper more so than the lower. These are the latent forces that are intensified by the holding fast. The two weak lines occupying the ruler’s and the minister’s place restrain the strong lines below, while showing recognition and liberality toward the strong line above. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.
the Judgement for hexagram the Taming Power of the Great kis:

大畜:利贞,不家食吉,利涉大川。

The Taming Power of the Great.
Perseverance furthers.
Not eating at home brings good fortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.



To hold firmly to great creative powers and store them up, as set forth in this hexagram, there is need of a strong, clear-headed man who is honored by the ruler. The trigram Qian points to strong creative power; Gen indicates firmness and truth. Both point to light and clarity and to the daily renewal of character. Only through such daily self-renewal can a man continue at the height of his powers. Force of habit helps to keep order in quiet times; but in periods when there is a great storing up of energy, everything depends on the power of the personality. However, since the worthy are honored, as in the case of the strong personality entrusted with leadership by the ruler, it is an advantage not to eat at home but rather to earn one's bread by entering upon public office. Such a man is in harmony with heaven; therefore even great and difficult undertakings, such as crossing the great water, succeed.

Commentary on the Decision:

大畜,刚健笃实辉光,日新其德,刚上而尚贤。能止健,大正也。不家食吉,养贤也。利涉大川,应乎天也。

The Taming Power of the Great. Firmness and strength. Genuineness and truth. Brilliance and light. Daily he renews his virtue.
The firm ascends and honors the worthy. He is able to keep strength still; this is great correctness.
“Not eating at home brings good fortune,” for people of worth are nourished.“
It furthers one to cross the great water,” because one finds correspondence in heaven.



The upper trigram Gen is firm, the lower, Qian, is strong; the upper is genuine, the lower is true: the upper is brilliant, the lower light. Thus the two trigrams complement each other. Through keeping still (Gen), the powers of character (Qian) are so strengthened that a daily renewal takes place. This refers to the effect of the personality. Here the first meaning of the hexagram is given — keeping still and collecting oneself. The firm element that ascends is the nine at the top. It, mounts above the six in the fifth place — the place of the ruler — and this ruler honors it in its ascent because it is worthy. The upper trigram Gen, Keeping Still, is able to hold fast the lower, Qian, the strong. This explains the words of the Judgment: “Perseverance furthers.” Here we have the second meaning of the hexagram: holding fast and keeping still.
Not eating at home, that is, entering public service, brings good fortune, because the six in the fifth place represents a ruler who nourishes people of worth. This gives the third meaning—holding fast and nourishing.
“It furthers one to cross the great water.” This idea is suggested by the two nuclear trigrams — Zhen, which also means wood, over Dui, lake. This dangerous action is possible because the ruler of the hexagram, the six in the fifth place, is in the relationship of correspondence to the nine in the second place, the central line of the lower trigram, heaven (Qian).
the Image going with hexagram the Taming Power of the Great kis:

天在山中,大畜;君子以多识前言往行,以畜其德。

Heaven within the mountain:
The image of the Taming Power of the Great.
Thus the superior man acquaints himself with many sayings of antiquity
And many deeds of the past,
In order to strengthen his character thereby.



Heaven within the mountain points to hidden treasures. In the words and deeds of the past there lies hidden a treasure that men may use to strengthen and elevate their own characters. The way to study the past is not to confine oneself to mere knowledge of history but, through application of this knowledge, to give actuality to the past.




the nuclear hexagram:
归妹
54. Gui Mei
the Marrying Maiden

C
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

The Creative is tamed by Gen, Keeping Still. This produces great power, a situation in contrast to that of the ninth hexagram, Xiao Xu, the Taming Power of the Small, in which the Creative is tamed by the Gentle alone. There one weak line must tame five strong lines, but here four strong lines are restrained by two weak lines; in addition to a minister, there is a prince, and the restraining power therefore is afar stronger. The hexagram has a threefold meaning, expressing different aspects of the concept "Holding firm." Heaven within the mountain gives the idea of holding firm in the sense of holding together; the trigram Gen which holds the trigram Qian still, gives the idea of holding firm in the sense of holding back; the third idea is that of holding firm in the sense of caring for and nourishing. This last is suggested by the fact that a strong line at the top, which is the ruler of the hexagram, is honored and tended as a sage. The third of these meanings also attaches specifically to this strong line at the top, which represents the sage.

The sequence:
When innocence is present, it is possible to tame. Hence there follows the Taming Power of the Great.

Holding fast to heavenly virtue is the prerequisite for innocence. On the other hand, innocence is the indispensable condition for being able to hold fast to pristine heavenly virtue.

Miscellaneous notes:
The Taming Power of the Great depends on the time.

The movements of the two trigrams are toward each other. The Creative below presses powerfully upward, and Keeping Still above holds it fast. The nuclear trigrams Zhen and Dui also have a tendency to rise, the upper more so than the lower. These are the latent forces that are intensified by the holding fast. The two weak lines occupying the ruler’s and the minister’s place restrain the strong lines below, while showing recognition and liberality toward the strong line above. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.


the Judgement:

大畜:利贞,不家食吉,利涉大川。

The Taming Power of the Great.
Perseverance furthers.
Not eating at home brings good fortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.



To hold firmly to great creative powers and store them up, as set forth in this hexagram, there is need of a strong, clear-headed man who is honored by the ruler. The trigram Qian points to strong creative power; Gen indicates firmness and truth. Both point to light and clarity and to the daily renewal of character. Only through such daily self-renewal can a man continue at the height of his powers. Force of habit helps to keep order in quiet times; but in periods when there is a great storing up of energy, everything depends on the power of the personality. However, since the worthy are honored, as in the case of the strong personality entrusted with leadership by the ruler, it is an advantage not to eat at home but rather to earn one's bread by entering upon public office. Such a man is in harmony with heaven; therefore even great and difficult undertakings, such as crossing the great water, succeed.

Commentary on the Decision:

大畜,刚健笃实辉光,日新其德,刚上而尚贤。能止健,大正也。不家食吉,养贤也。利涉大川,应乎天也。

The Taming Power of the Great. Firmness and strength. Genuineness and truth. Brilliance and light. Daily he renews his virtue.
The firm ascends and honors the worthy. He is able to keep strength still; this is great correctness.
“Not eating at home brings good fortune,” for people of worth are nourished.“
It furthers one to cross the great water,” because one finds correspondence in heaven.
 


The upper trigram Gen is firm, the lower, Qian, is strong; the upper is genuine, the lower is true: the upper is brilliant, the lower light. Thus the two trigrams complement each other. Through keeping still (Gen), the powers of character (Qian) are so strengthened that a daily renewal takes place. This refers to the effect of the personality. Here the first meaning of the hexagram is given — keeping still and collecting oneself. The firm element that ascends is the nine at the top. It, mounts above the six in the fifth place — the place of the ruler — and this ruler honors it in its ascent because it is worthy. The upper trigram Gen, Keeping Still, is able to hold fast the lower, Qian, the strong. This explains the words of the Judgment: “Perseverance furthers.” Here we have the second meaning of the hexagram: holding fast and keeping still.
Not eating at home, that is, entering public service, brings good fortune, because the six in the fifth place represents a ruler who nourishes people of worth. This gives the third meaning—holding fast and nourishing.
“It furthers one to cross the great water.” This idea is suggested by the two nuclear trigrams — Zhen, which also means wood, over Dui, lake. This dangerous action is possible because the ruler of the hexagram, the six in the fifth place, is in the relationship of correspondence to the nine in the second place, the central line of the lower trigram, heaven (Qian).


the Image:

天在山中,大畜;君子以多识前言往行,以畜其德。

Heaven within the mountain:
The image of the Taming Power of the Great.
Thus the superior man acquaints himself with many sayings of antiquity
And many deeds of the past,
In order to strengthen his character thereby.



Heaven within the mountain points to hidden treasures. In the words and deeds of the past there lies hidden a treasure that men may use to strengthen and elevate their own characters. The way to study the past is not to confine oneself to mere knowledge of history but, through application of this knowledge, to give actuality to the past.


the Lines:


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
上九:何天之衢,亨。

Nine at the top means:

One attains the way of heaven.



The time of obstruction is past. The energy long dammed up by inhibition forces its way out and achieves great success. This refers to a man who is honored by the ruler and whose principles now prevail and shape the world.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:豶豕之牙,吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

The tusk of a gelded boar.
Good fortune.



Here the restraining of the impetuous forward drive is achieved in an indirect way. A boar's tusk is in itself dangerous, but if the boar's nature is altered, the tusk is no longer a menace. Thus also where men are concerned, wild force should not be combated directly; instead, its roots should be eradicated.


六四:童牛之牿,元吉。

Six in the fourth place means:

The headboard of a young bull.
Great good fortune.



This line and the one following it are the two that tame the forward-pushing lower lines. Before a bull's horns grow out, a headboard is fastened to its forehead, so that later when the horns appear they cannot do harm. A good way to restrain wild force is to forestall it. By so doing one achieves an easy and great success.


九三:良马逐,利艰贞。曰闲舆卫,利有攸往。

Nine in the third place means.

A good horse that follows others.
Awareness of danger,
With perseverance, furthers.
Practice chariot driving and armed defense daily.
En verdediging met wapens.
It furthers one to have somewhere to go.



The way opens; the hindrance has been cleared away. A man is in contact with a strong will acting in the same direction as his own, and goes forward like one good horse following another. But danger still threatens, and he must remain aware of it, or he will be robbed of his firmness. Thus he must acquire skill on the one hand in what will take him forward, and on the other in what will protect him against unforeseen attacks. It is good in such a pass to have a goal toward which to strive.


九二:舆说輹。

Nine in the second place means:

The axletrees are taken from the wagon.



Here advance is checked just as in the third line of hexagram 9 the Taming Power of the Small. However, in the later the restraining force is slight; thus a conflict arises between the propulsive and the restraining movement, as a result of which the spokes fall out of the wagon wheels, while here the restraining force is absolutely superior; hence no struggle takes place. One submits and removes the axletrees from the wagon -in other words, contents himself with waiting. In this way energy accumulates for a vigorous advance later on.


初九:有厉利已。

Nine at the beginning means:

Danger is at hand. It furthers one to desist.



A man wishes to make vigorous advance, but circumstances present an obstacle. He sees himself held back firmly. If he should attempt to fore an advance, it would lead him into misfortune. Therefore it is better for him to compose himself and to wait until an outlet is offered for release of his stored-up energies.