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Fu Xi Earlier Heaven bagua arrangement
易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

Ancient Chinese coins

易經
het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:








大有

14. Da Yoe

Possession in Great Measure



<
上九:自天佑之,吉无不利。

Nine at the top means:

He is blessed by heaven.
Good fortune.
Nothing that does not further.



In the fullness of possession and at the height of power, one remains modest and gives honor to the sage who stands outside the affairs of the world. By this means one puts oneself under the beneficent influence descending form heaven, and all goes well.
Confucius says of this line: To bless means to help. Heaven helps the man who is devoted; men help the man who is true. He who walks in truth and is devoted in his thinking, and furthermore reveres the worthy, is blessed by heaven. He has good fortune, and there is nothing that would not further.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:厥孚交如,威如;吉。

Six in the fifth place means:


He whose truth is accessible, yet dignified,
Has good fortune.



The situation is very favorable. People are being won not by coercion but by unaffected sincerity, so that they are attached to us in sincerity and truth. However, benevolence alone is not sufficient at the time of Possession in Great Measure. For insolence might begin to spread. Insolence must be kept in bounds by dignity; then good fortune is assured.
九四:匪其彭,无咎。

Nine in the fourth place means:

He makes a difference
Between himself and his neighbor.
No blame.



This characterizes the position of a man placed among rich and powerful neighbors. It is a dangerous position. He must look neither to the right nor to the left, and must shun envy and the temptation to vie with others. In this way he remains free of mistakes.
九三:公用亨于天子,小人弗克。

Nine in the third place means:

A prince offers it to the Son of Heaven.
A petty man cannot do this.



A magnanimous, liberal-minded man should not regard what he possesses as his exclusive personal property, but should place it at the disposal of the ruler or of the people at large. In so doing, he takes the right attitude toward his possession, which as private property can never endure. A petty man is incapable of this. He is harmed by great possessions, because instead of sacrificing them, he would keep them for himself.

九二:大车以载,有攸往,无咎。

Nine in the second place means:

A big wagon for loading.
One may undertake something.
No blame.



Great possession consists not only in the quantity of goods at one's disposal, but first and foremost, in their mobility and utility, for then they can be used in undertakings, and we remain free of embarrassment and mistakes. The big wagon, which will carry a heavy load and in which one can journey farm means that there are at hand able helpers who give their support t and are equal to their task. One can load great responsibility upon such persons, and this is necessary in important undertakings.
初九:无交害,匪咎,艰则无咎。

Nine at the beginning means:

No relationship with what is harmful;
There is no blame in this.
If one remains conscious of difficulty,
One remains without blame.



Great possession that is still in its beginnings and that has not yet been challenged brings no blame, since there has been no opportunity to make mistakes. Yet there are many difficulties to be overcome. It is only by remaining conscious of theses difficulties that one can keep inwardly free of possible arrogance and wastefulness, and thus in principle overcome all cause for blame.
the Sign of hexagram Possession in Great Measure fis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

The fire in heaven above shines far, and all things stand out in the light and become manifest. The weak fifth line occupies the place of honor and all the strong lines are in accord with it. All things come to the man who is modest and kind in a high position.

The sequence:
Through Fellowship with Men things are sure to fall to one’s lot. Hence there follows the hexagram of Possession in Great Measure.

Miscellaneous notes:
Possession in Great Measure indicates the mass. The two primary trigrams, Qian and Li, are both ascending, and so are the nuclear trigrams, Qian and Dui. All these circumstances are extremely favorable. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one. It is more favorable than Fellowship with Men, because here the ruler is at the same time in the place of authority, the fifth place.
the Judgement for hexagram Possession in Great Measure fis:

大有:元亨。

Possession in Great Measure.
Supreme success.



The two trigrams indicate that strength and clarity unite. Possessions great measure is determined by fate and accords with the time. How is it possible that the weak line has power to hold the strong lines fast and to possess them? It is done by virtue of unselfish modesty. The time is favorable - a time of strength within, clarity and culture without. Power is expressing itself in graceful and controlled way. This brings supreme success and wealth.

Commentary on the Decision:

大有,柔得尊位,大中而上下应之,曰大有。其德刚健而文明,应乎天而时行,是以元亨。

Possession in Great Measure: the yielding receives the honored place in the great middle, and upper and lower correspond with it. Possession in Great Measure.
His character is firm and strong, ordered and clear; it finds correspondence in heaven and moves with the time; hence the words, “Supreme success”.



The yielding element that receives the honored position is the six in the fifth place. As contrasted with the six in the second place in the preceding hexagram, this line occupies the “great” middle; from this vantage, possession of the five strong lines can be organized much better. The official can indeed unite people, but only the prince can possess them. In the preceding hexagram the strong lines stand only in indirect relationship to the prince; here they are directly related. Thus the structure of the hexagram gives rise to the name.
The words of the Judgment are interpreted on the basis of the attributes and structure of the hexagram. Within dwell the firmness and power of Qian; to the outside, the clear and ordered form of Li appears. The six in the fifth place, the ruler to whom everything conforms, modestly conforms on his part with the nine in the second place and finds correspondence there in the center of heaven. Qian, being doubled (lower primary trigram and lower nuclear trigram), indicates the flow of time. The successful execution of measures demands that firm decision dwell within the mind, while the method of execution must be ordered and clear.
the Image going with hexagram Possession in Great Measure fis:

火在天上,大有;君子以遏恶扬善,顺天休命。

Fire in heaven above:
The image of Possession in Great Measure.
Thus the superior man curbs evil and furthers good,
And thereby obeys the benevolent will of heaven.



The sun in heaven above, shedding light over everything one earth, is the image of possession on a grand scale. But a possession of this sort must be administered properly. The sun brings both evil and good into the light of day. Man must combat and curb the evil, and must favor and promote the good. Only in this way does he fulfill the benevolent will of God, who desires only good and not evil.




the nuclear hexagram:

43. Guai
Break-through (Resoluteness)

g
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

The fire in heaven above shines far, and all things stand out in the light and become manifest. The weak fifth line occupies the place of honor and all the strong lines are in accord with it. All things come to the man who is modest and kind in a high position.

The sequence:
Through Fellowship with Men things are sure to fall to one’s lot. Hence there follows the hexagram of Possession in Great Measure.

Miscellaneous notes:
Possession in Great Measure indicates the mass. The two primary trigrams, Qian and Li, are both ascending, and so are the nuclear trigrams, Qian and Dui. All these circumstances are extremely favorable. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one. It is more favorable than Fellowship with Men, because here the ruler is at the same time in the place of authority, the fifth place.


the Judgement:

大有:元亨。

Possession in Great Measure.
Supreme success.



The two trigrams indicate that strength and clarity unite. Possessions great measure is determined by fate and accords with the time. How is it possible that the weak line has power to hold the strong lines fast and to possess them? It is done by virtue of unselfish modesty. The time is favorable - a time of strength within, clarity and culture without. Power is expressing itself in graceful and controlled way. This brings supreme success and wealth.

Commentary on the Decision:

大有,柔得尊位,大中而上下应之,曰大有。其德刚健而文明,应乎天而时行,是以元亨。

Possession in Great Measure: the yielding receives the honored place in the great middle, and upper and lower correspond with it. Possession in Great Measure.
His character is firm and strong, ordered and clear; it finds correspondence in heaven and moves with the time; hence the words, “Supreme success”.



The yielding element that receives the honored position is the six in the fifth place. As contrasted with the six in the second place in the preceding hexagram, this line occupies the “great” middle; from this vantage, possession of the five strong lines can be organized much better. The official can indeed unite people, but only the prince can possess them. In the preceding hexagram the strong lines stand only in indirect relationship to the prince; here they are directly related. Thus the structure of the hexagram gives rise to the name.
The words of the Judgment are interpreted on the basis of the attributes and structure of the hexagram. Within dwell the firmness and power of Qian; to the outside, the clear and ordered form of Li appears. The six in the fifth place, the ruler to whom everything conforms, modestly conforms on his part with the nine in the second place and finds correspondence there in the center of heaven. Qian, being doubled (lower primary trigram and lower nuclear trigram), indicates the flow of time. The successful execution of measures demands that firm decision dwell within the mind, while the method of execution must be ordered and clear.


the Image:

火在天上,大有;君子以遏恶扬善,顺天休命。

Fire in heaven above:
The image of Possession in Great Measure.
Thus the superior man curbs evil and furthers good,
And thereby obeys the benevolent will of heaven.



The sun in heaven above, shedding light over everything one earth, is the image of possession on a grand scale. But a possession of this sort must be administered properly. The sun brings both evil and good into the light of day. Man must combat and curb the evil, and must favor and promote the good. Only in this way does he fulfill the benevolent will of God, who desires only good and not evil.


the Lines:


上九:自天佑之,吉无不利。

Nine at the top means:

He is blessed by heaven.
Good fortune.
Nothing that does not further.



In the fullness of possession and at the height of power, one remains modest and gives honor to the sage who stands outside the affairs of the world. By this means one puts oneself under the beneficent influence descending form heaven, and all goes well.
Confucius says of this line: To bless means to help. Heaven helps the man who is devoted; men help the man who is true. He who walks in truth and is devoted in his thinking, and furthermore reveres the worthy, is blessed by heaven. He has good fortune, and there is nothing that would not further.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:厥孚交如,威如;吉。

Six in the fifth place means:


He whose truth is accessible, yet dignified,
Has good fortune.



The situation is very favorable. People are being won not by coercion but by unaffected sincerity, so that they are attached to us in sincerity and truth. However, benevolence alone is not sufficient at the time of Possession in Great Measure. For insolence might begin to spread. Insolence must be kept in bounds by dignity; then good fortune is assured.


九四:匪其彭,无咎。

Nine in the fourth place means:

He makes a difference
Between himself and his neighbor.
No blame.



This characterizes the position of a man placed among rich and powerful neighbors. It is a dangerous position. He must look neither to the right nor to the left, and must shun envy and the temptation to vie with others. In this way he remains free of mistakes.


九三:公用亨于天子,小人弗克。

Nine in the third place means:

A prince offers it to the Son of Heaven.
A petty man cannot do this.



A magnanimous, liberal-minded man should not regard what he possesses as his exclusive personal property, but should place it at the disposal of the ruler or of the people at large. In so doing, he takes the right attitude toward his possession, which as private property can never endure. A petty man is incapable of this. He is harmed by great possessions, because instead of sacrificing them, he would keep them for himself.



九二:大车以载,有攸往,无咎。

Nine in the second place means:

A big wagon for loading.
One may undertake something.
No blame.



Great possession consists not only in the quantity of goods at one's disposal, but first and foremost, in their mobility and utility, for then they can be used in undertakings, and we remain free of embarrassment and mistakes. The big wagon, which will carry a heavy load and in which one can journey farm means that there are at hand able helpers who give their support t and are equal to their task. One can load great responsibility upon such persons, and this is necessary in important undertakings.


初九:无交害,匪咎,艰则无咎。

Nine at the beginning means:

No relationship with what is harmful;
There is no blame in this.
If one remains conscious of difficulty,
One remains without blame.



Great possession that is still in its beginnings and that has not yet been challenged brings no blame, since there has been no opportunity to make mistakes. Yet there are many difficulties to be overcome. It is only by remaining conscious of theses difficulties that one can keep inwardly free of possible arrogance and wastefulness, and thus in principle overcome all cause for blame.