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易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

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het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:








未济

64. Wei Ji

Before Completion



<
上九:有孚于饮酒,无咎,濡其首,有孚失是。

Nine at the top means:

There is drinking of wine
In genuine confidence. No blame.
But if one wets his head,
He loses it, in truth.



Before completion, at the dawning of the new time, friends foregather in an atmosphere of mutual trust, and the time of waiting is passed in conviviality. Since the new era is hard on the threshold, there is no blame in this. But one must be careful in all this to keep within proper bounds. If in his exuberance a man gets drunk, he forfeits the favorableness of the situation through his intemperance.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:贞吉,无悔,君子之光,有孚,吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
No remorse.
The light of the superior man is true.
Good fortune.



The victory has been won. The power of steadfastness has not been routed. Everything has gone well. All misgivings have been overcome. Success has justified the deed. The light of a superior personality shines forth anew and makes its influence felt among men who have faith in it and rally around it. The new time has arrived, and with it good fortune. And just as the sun shines forth in redoubled beauty after rain, or as a forest grows more freshly green from charred ruins after a fire, so the new era appears all the more glorious by contrast with the misery of the old.
九四:贞吉,悔亡,震用伐鬼方,三年有赏于大国。

Nine in the fourth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
Shock, thus to discipline the Devil's Country.
For three years, great realms are rewarded.



Now it is the time of struggle. The transition must be completed. We must make ourselves strong in resolution; this brings good fortune. All misgivings that might arise in such grave times of struggle must be silenced. It is a question of a fierce battle to break and to discipline the Devil's Country, the forces of decadence. But the struggle also has its reward. Now is the time to lay the foundations of power and mastery for the future.
六三:未济,征凶,利涉大川。

Six in the third place means:

Before completion, attack brings misfortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.



The time of transition has arrived, but one lacks the strength to complete the transition. If one should attempt to force it, disaster would result, because collapse would then be unavoidable. What is to be done? A new situation must be created; one must engage the energies of able helpers and in this fellowship take the decisive step - cross the great water. Then completion will become possible.
九二:曳其轮,贞吉。

Nine in the second place means:

He brakes his wheels.
Perseverance brings good fortune.



Here again the time to act has not yet come. But the patience needed is not that of idle waiting without thought of the morrow. Kept up indefinitely, this would not lead to any success. Instead, an individual must develop in himself the strength that will enable him to go forward. He must have a vehicle, as it were, to effect the crossing. But he must for the time being use the brakes. Patience in the highest sense means putting brakes on strength. Therefore he must not fall asleep and lose sight of the goal. If he remains strong and steadfast in his resolve, all goes well in the end.
初六:濡其尾,吝。

Six at the beginning means:

He gets his tail in the water.

Humiliating.



In times of disorder there is a temptation to advance oneself as rapidly as possible in order to accomplish something tangible. But this enthusiasm leads only to failure and humiliation if the time for achievement has not yet arrived. In such time it is wise to spare ourselves the opprobrium of failure by holding back.
the Sign of hexagram Before Completion Pis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Kan , the Abysmal, the water

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Kan , the Abysmal, the water
   below Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

This hexagram indicates a time when the transition from disorder to order is not yet completed. The change is indeed prepared for, since all the lines in the upper trigram are in relation to those in the lower. However, they are not yet in their places. While the preceding hexagram offers an analogy to autumn, which forms the transition from summer to winter, this hexagram presents a parallel to spring, which leads out of winter's stagnation into the fruitful time of summer. With this hopeful outlook the Book of Changes come to its close.

The sequence:
Things cannot exhaust themselves. Hence there follows, at the end, the hexagram of Before Completion.

Miscellaneous notes:
Before Completion is the exhaustion of the masculine.

This hexagram is at once the inverse and the opposite of the preceding one. Kan and Li, both as nuclear and as primary trigrams, have changed places. The hexagram depicts the transition from Pi, Standstill (12) to Tai, Peace (11). Outwardly viewed, none of the lines appears in its proper place; but they are all in relationship to one another, and order stands preformed within, despite the outward appearance of complete disorder. The strong middle line has come down from the fifth place to the second and has thus established a connection. It is true that Kun is not yet above nor Qian below, as in the hexagram Tai, but their representatives, Li and Kan, are in these positions. Li and Kan represent Kun and Qian in spirit and influence (because of their respective middle lines). In the phenomenal world (Sequence of Later Heaven) they are the representatives of Kun and Qian, and stand in the regions of the latter - Li in the south and Kan in the north.
the Judgement for hexagram Before Completion Pis:

未济:亨,小狐汔济,濡其尾,无攸利。

Before Completion. Success.
But if the little fox, after nearly completing the crossing,
Gets his tail in the water,
There is nothing that would further.



The conditions are difficult. The task is great and full of responsibility. It is nothing less than that of leading the world out of confusion back to order. But it is a task that promises success, because there is a goal that can unite the forces now tending in different directions. At first, however, one must move warily, like an old fox walking over ice. The caution of a fox walking over ice is proverbial in China. His ears are constantly alert to the cracking of the ice, as he carefully and circumspectly searches out the safest spots. A young fox who as yet has not acquired this caution goes ahead boldly, and it may happen that he falls in and gets his tail wet when he is almost across the water. Then of course his effort has been all in vain. Accordingly, in times "before completion," deliberation and caution are the prerequisites of success.

Commentary on the Decision:

未济,亨;柔得中也。小狐汔济,未出中也。濡其尾,无攸利;不续终也。虽不当位,刚柔应也。

“Before Completion. Success.” For the yielding attains the middle.
“The little fox has nearly completed the crossing”: he is not yet past the middle.
“He gets his tail in the water. There is nothing that would further.” Because the matter does not go on to the end.
Although the lines are not in their appropriate places, the firm and the yielding nevertheless correspond.



Kan has the fox as its symbol, and also denotes water. There is hope of success because the firm and the weak lines all correspond. The ruler of the hexagram, the six in the fifth place, has reached the middle, and this insures the right attitude for bringing about completion. The nine in the second place, on the other hand, has not yet passed the middle, and in its case this is dangerous. It is a strong line hemmed in between two yin lines. Like the incautious young fox that runs rashly over the ice, it relies too much on its strength. Therefore it gets its tail wet; the crossing does not succeed.
the Image going with hexagram Before Completion Pis:

水在火上,既济;君子以思患而预防之。

Fire over water:
The image of the condition before transition.
Thus the superior man is careful
In the differentiation of things,
So that each finds its place.



When fire, which by nature flames upward, is above, and water, which flows downward, is below, their effects take opposite directions and remain unrelated. If we wish to achieve an effect, we must first investigate the nature of the forces in question and ascertain their proper place. If we can bring these forces to bear in the right place, they will have the desired effect and completion will be achieved. But in order to handle external forces properly, we must above all arrive at the correct standpoint ourselves, for only from this vantage can we work correctly.




the nuclear hexagram:
既济
63. Ji Ji
After Completion

O
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Kan , the Abysmal, the water

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Kan , the Abysmal, the water
   below Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

This hexagram indicates a time when the transition from disorder to order is not yet completed. The change is indeed prepared for, since all the lines in the upper trigram are in relation to those in the lower. However, they are not yet in their places. While the preceding hexagram offers an analogy to autumn, which forms the transition from summer to winter, this hexagram presents a parallel to spring, which leads out of winter's stagnation into the fruitful time of summer. With this hopeful outlook the Book of Changes come to its close.

The sequence:
Things cannot exhaust themselves. Hence there follows, at the end, the hexagram of Before Completion.

Miscellaneous notes:
Before Completion is the exhaustion of the masculine.

This hexagram is at once the inverse and the opposite of the preceding one. Kan and Li, both as nuclear and as primary trigrams, have changed places. The hexagram depicts the transition from Pi, Standstill (12) to Tai, Peace (11). Outwardly viewed, none of the lines appears in its proper place; but they are all in relationship to one another, and order stands preformed within, despite the outward appearance of complete disorder. The strong middle line has come down from the fifth place to the second and has thus established a connection. It is true that Kun is not yet above nor Qian below, as in the hexagram Tai, but their representatives, Li and Kan, are in these positions. Li and Kan represent Kun and Qian in spirit and influence (because of their respective middle lines). In the phenomenal world (Sequence of Later Heaven) they are the representatives of Kun and Qian, and stand in the regions of the latter - Li in the south and Kan in the north.


the Judgement:

未济:亨,小狐汔济,濡其尾,无攸利。

Before Completion. Success.
But if the little fox, after nearly completing the crossing,
Gets his tail in the water,
There is nothing that would further.



The conditions are difficult. The task is great and full of responsibility. It is nothing less than that of leading the world out of confusion back to order. But it is a task that promises success, because there is a goal that can unite the forces now tending in different directions. At first, however, one must move warily, like an old fox walking over ice. The caution of a fox walking over ice is proverbial in China. His ears are constantly alert to the cracking of the ice, as he carefully and circumspectly searches out the safest spots. A young fox who as yet has not acquired this caution goes ahead boldly, and it may happen that he falls in and gets his tail wet when he is almost across the water. Then of course his effort has been all in vain. Accordingly, in times "before completion," deliberation and caution are the prerequisites of success.

Commentary on the Decision:
 
未济,亨;柔得中也。小狐汔济,未出中也。濡其尾,无攸利;不续终也。虽不当位,刚柔应也。

“Before Completion. Success.” For the yielding attains the middle.
“The little fox has nearly completed the crossing”: he is not yet past the middle.
“He gets his tail in the water. There is nothing that would further.” Because the matter does not go on to the end.
Although the lines are not in their appropriate places, the firm and the yielding nevertheless correspond.



Kan has the fox as its symbol, and also denotes water. There is hope of success because the firm and the weak lines all correspond. The ruler of the hexagram, the six in the fifth place, has reached the middle, and this insures the right attitude for bringing about completion. The nine in the second place, on the other hand, has not yet passed the middle, and in its case this is dangerous. It is a strong line hemmed in between two yin lines. Like the incautious young fox that runs rashly over the ice, it relies too much on its strength. Therefore it gets its tail wet; the crossing does not succeed.


the Image:

水在火上,既济;君子以思患而预防之。

Fire over water:
The image of the condition before transition.
Thus the superior man is careful
In the differentiation of things,
So that each finds its place.



When fire, which by nature flames upward, is above, and water, which flows downward, is below, their effects take opposite directions and remain unrelated. If we wish to achieve an effect, we must first investigate the nature of the forces in question and ascertain their proper place. If we can bring these forces to bear in the right place, they will have the desired effect and completion will be achieved. But in order to handle external forces properly, we must above all arrive at the correct standpoint ourselves, for only from this vantage can we work correctly.


the Lines:


上九:有孚于饮酒,无咎,濡其首,有孚失是。

Nine at the top means:

There is drinking of wine
In genuine confidence. No blame.
But if one wets his head,
He loses it, in truth.



Before completion, at the dawning of the new time, friends foregather in an atmosphere of mutual trust, and the time of waiting is passed in conviviality. Since the new era is hard on the threshold, there is no blame in this. But one must be careful in all this to keep within proper bounds. If in his exuberance a man gets drunk, he forfeits the favorableness of the situation through his intemperance.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:贞吉,无悔,君子之光,有孚,吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
No remorse.
The light of the superior man is true.
Good fortune.



The victory has been won. The power of steadfastness has not been routed. Everything has gone well. All misgivings have been overcome. Success has justified the deed. The light of a superior personality shines forth anew and makes its influence felt among men who have faith in it and rally around it. The new time has arrived, and with it good fortune. And just as the sun shines forth in redoubled beauty after rain, or as a forest grows more freshly green from charred ruins after a fire, so the new era appears all the more glorious by contrast with the misery of the old.


九四:贞吉,悔亡,震用伐鬼方,三年有赏于大国。

Nine in the fourth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
Shock, thus to discipline the Devil's Country.
For three years, great realms are rewarded.



Now it is the time of struggle. The transition must be completed. We must make ourselves strong in resolution; this brings good fortune. All misgivings that might arise in such grave times of struggle must be silenced. It is a question of a fierce battle to break and to discipline the Devil's Country, the forces of decadence. But the struggle also has its reward. Now is the time to lay the foundations of power and mastery for the future.


六三:未济,征凶,利涉大川。

Six in the third place means:

Before completion, attack brings misfortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.



The time of transition has arrived, but one lacks the strength to complete the transition. If one should attempt to force it, disaster would result, because collapse would then be unavoidable. What is to be done? A new situation must be created; one must engage the energies of able helpers and in this fellowship take the decisive step - cross the great water. Then completion will become possible.


九二:曳其轮,贞吉。

Nine in the second place means:

He brakes his wheels.
Perseverance brings good fortune.



Here again the time to act has not yet come. But the patience needed is not that of idle waiting without thought of the morrow. Kept up indefinitely, this would not lead to any success. Instead, an individual must develop in himself the strength that will enable him to go forward. He must have a vehicle, as it were, to effect the crossing. But he must for the time being use the brakes. Patience in the highest sense means putting brakes on strength. Therefore he must not fall asleep and lose sight of the goal. If he remains strong and steadfast in his resolve, all goes well in the end.


初六:濡其尾,吝。

Six at the beginning means:

He gets his tail in the water.

Humiliating.



In times of disorder there is a temptation to advance oneself as rapidly as possible in order to accomplish something tangible. But this enthusiasm leads only to failure and humiliation if the time for achievement has not yet arrived. In such time it is wise to spare ourselves the opprobrium of failure by holding back.