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易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

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het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:









46. Sheng

Pushing Upward



<
上六:冥升,利于不息之贞。

Six at the top means:

Pushing upward in darkness.
It furthers one
To be unremittingly persevering.



He who pushes upward blindly deludes himself. He knows only advance, not retreat. But this means exhaustion. In such a case it is important to be constantly mindful that one must be conscientious and consistent and must remain so. Only thus does one become free of blind impulse, which is always harmful.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:贞吉,升阶。

Six in the fifth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
One pushes upward by steps.



When a man is advancing farther and farther, it is important for him not to become intoxicated by success. Precisely when he experiences great success it is necessary to remain sober and not to try to skip any stages; he must go on slowly, step by step, as though hesitant. Only such calm, steady progress, overleaping nothing, leads to the goal.
六四:王用亨于岐山,吉无咎。

Six in the fourth place means:

The king offers him Mount Tj'i.
Good fortune. No blame.



Mount Tj'i is in the western China, the homeland of King Wen, whose son, the Duke of Zhou, added the words to the individual lines. The pronouncement takes us back to a time when the Zhou dynasty was coming into power. At that time King Wen introduced his illustrious helpers to the god of his native mountain, and they received their places in the halls of the ancestors by the side of the ruler. This indicates a stage in which pushing upward attains its goal. One acquires fame in the sight of gods and men, is received into the circle of those who foster the spiritual life of the nation, and thereby attains a significance that endures beyond time.
九三:升虚邑。

Nine in the third place means:

One pushes upward into an empty city.



All obstructions that generally block progress fall away here. Things proceed with remarkable ease. Unhesitatingly one follows this road, in order to profit by one's success. Seen from without, everything seems to be in the best of order. However, no promise of good fortune is added. It is a question how long such unobstructed success can last. But it is wise not to yield to such misgivings, because they only inhibit one's power. Instead, the point is to profit by the propitiousness of time.
九二:孚乃利用禴,无咎。

Nine in the second place means:

If one is sincere,
It furthers one to bring even a small offering.
No blame.



Here a strong man is presupposed. It is true that he does not fit in with his environment, inasmuch as he is too brusque and pays too little attention to form. But as he is upright in character, he meets with response, and his lack of outward form does no harm. Here uprightness is the outcome of sound qualities of character, whereas in the corresponding line of the preceding hexagram it is the result of innate humility.
the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
初六:允升,大吉。

Six at the beginning means:

Pushing upward that meets with confidence
Brings great good fortune



This situation at the beginning of ascent. Just as wood draws strength for its upward push from the root, which in itself is in the lowest place, so the power to rise comes from this low and obscure station. But there is a spiritual affinity with the rulers above, and this solidarity creates the confidence needed to accomplish something.
the Sign of hexagram Pushing Upward Zis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Kan , the Abysmal, the water

The lower trigram, Xun, represents wood, and the upper, Kun, means the earth. Linked with this is the idea that wood in the earth grows upward. In contrast to the meaning of Jin, Progress (hexagram 35), this pushing upward is associated with effort, just as a plant needs energy for pushing upward through the earth. That is why this hexagram, although it is connected with success, is associated with effort of the will. In Progress the emphasis is on expansion; Pushing Upward indicates rather a vertical ascent - direct rise from obscurity and lowliness to power and influence.

The sequence:
Massing toward the top is called pushing upward. Hence there follows the hexagram of Pushing Upward.

Miscellaneous notes:
That which pushes upward does not come back.

On the face of it this hexagram is very favorably organized. The movement of the upper trigram Kun is downward, hence the lower trigram. Xun (penetration, wood) strives unhindered toward the top. However, the pushing upward is neither as easy nor as extensive as the rising of the sun in the hexagram of Jin, Progress (hexagram 35). The upward movement is furthermore reinforced by the nuclear trigrams, Zhen and Dui, both of which tend upward. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.
the Judgement for hexagram Pushing Upward Zis:

升:元亨,用见大人,勿恤,南征吉。

Pushing Upward has supreme success.
One must see the great man.
Fear not.
Departure toward the south
Brings good fortune.



The pushing upward of the good elements encounters no obstruction and is therefore accompanied by great success. The pushing upward is made possible not by violence but by modesty and adaptability. Since the individual is borne along by the propitiousness of the time, he advances. He must go to see authoritative people. He need not be afraid to do this, because success is assured. But he must set to work, for activity (this is the meaning of "the south") brings good fortune.

Commentary on the Decision:

柔以时升,巽而顺,刚中而应,是以大亨。用见大人,勿恤;有庆也。南征吉,志行也。

The yielding pushes upward with the time. Gentle and devoted.
The firm is in the middle and finds correspondence, hence it attains great success.
“One must see the great man. Fear not,” for it brings blessing.
“Departure toward the south brings good fortune.” What is willed is done.



The yielding element that, borne by the time, pushes upward, is the yielding line at the beginning; it stands for the root of wood, the lower trigram. The lower trigram is gentle, the upper devoted. These are preconditions of the time that make it possible for the strong line in the second place—which finds correspondence in the weak line in the place of the ruler - to achieve great success. It is said, “One must see the great man,” and not, “It furthers one to see the great man,” as is usually the case. For the ruler of the hexagram is not the great man; it is, on the contrary, a yielding line. The reason for success is not an earthly but a transcendental one. Therefore it is said further, “Fear not,” and, “It brings blessing.” The favorableness of the conditions comes from the invisible world; we must make the most of them, however, through work. Departure toward the south means work. The south is the region of the heavens between Xun and Kun, the two components of the hexagram.
the Image going with hexagram Pushing Upward Zis:

地中生木,升;君子以顺德,积小以高大。

Within the earth, wood grows:
The image of Pushing Upward
Thus the superior man of devoted character
Heaps up small things
In order to achieve something high and great.



Adapting itself to obstacles and bending around them, wood in the earth grows upward without haste and without rest. Thus too the superior man is devoted in character and never pauses in his progress.




the nuclear hexagram:
归妹
54. Gui Mei
the Marrying Maiden

C
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Kan , the Abysmal, the water

The lower trigram, Xun, represents wood, and the upper, Kun, means the earth. Linked with this is the idea that wood in the earth grows upward. In contrast to the meaning of Jin, Progress (hexagram 35), this pushing upward is associated with effort, just as a plant needs energy for pushing upward through the earth. That is why this hexagram, although it is connected with success, is associated with effort of the will. In Progress the emphasis is on expansion; Pushing Upward indicates rather a vertical ascent - direct rise from obscurity and lowliness to power and influence.

The sequence:
Massing toward the top is called pushing upward. Hence there follows the hexagram of Pushing Upward.

Miscellaneous notes:
That which pushes upward does not come back.

On the face of it this hexagram is very favorably organized. The movement of the upper trigram Kun is downward, hence the lower trigram. Xun (penetration, wood) strives unhindered toward the top. However, the pushing upward is neither as easy nor as extensive as the rising of the sun in the hexagram of Jin, Progress (hexagram 35). The upward movement is furthermore reinforced by the nuclear trigrams, Zhen and Dui, both of which tend upward. This hexagram is the inverse of the preceding one.


the Judgement:

升:元亨,用见大人,勿恤,南征吉。

Pushing Upward has supreme success.
One must see the great man.
Fear not.
Departure toward the south
Brings good fortune.
 


The pushing upward of the good elements encounters no obstruction and is therefore accompanied by great success. The pushing upward is made possible not by violence but by modesty and adaptability. Since the individual is borne along by the propitiousness of the time, he advances. He must go to see authoritative people. He need not be afraid to do this, because success is assured. But he must set to work, for activity (this is the meaning of "the south") brings good fortune.

Commentary on the Decision:

柔以时升,巽而顺,刚中而应,是以大亨。用见大人,勿恤;有庆也。南征吉,志行也。

The yielding pushes upward with the time. Gentle and devoted.
The firm is in the middle and finds correspondence, hence it attains great success.
“One must see the great man. Fear not,” for it brings blessing.
“Departure toward the south brings good fortune.” What is willed is done.
 


The yielding element that, borne by the time, pushes upward, is the yielding line at the beginning; it stands for the root of wood, the lower trigram. The lower trigram is gentle, the upper devoted. These are preconditions of the time that make it possible for the strong line in the second place—which finds correspondence in the weak line in the place of the ruler - to achieve great success. It is said, “One must see the great man,” and not, “It furthers one to see the great man,” as is usually the case. For the ruler of the hexagram is not the great man; it is, on the contrary, a yielding line. The reason for success is not an earthly but a transcendental one. Therefore it is said further, “Fear not,” and, “It brings blessing.” The favorableness of the conditions comes from the invisible world; we must make the most of them, however, through work. Departure toward the south means work. The south is the region of the heavens between Xun and Kun, the two components of the hexagram.


the Image:

地中生木,升;君子以顺德,积小以高大。

Within the earth, wood grows:
The image of Pushing Upward
Thus the superior man of devoted character
Heaps up small things
In order to achieve something high and great.



Adapting itself to obstacles and bending around them, wood in the earth grows upward without haste and without rest. Thus too the superior man is devoted in character and never pauses in his progress.


the Lines:


上六:冥升,利于不息之贞。

Six at the top means:

Pushing upward in darkness.
It furthers one
To be unremittingly persevering.



He who pushes upward blindly deludes himself. He knows only advance, not retreat. But this means exhaustion. In such a case it is important to be constantly mindful that one must be conscientious and consistent and must remain so. Only thus does one become free of blind impulse, which is always harmful.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:贞吉,升阶。

Six in the fifth place means:

Perseverance brings good fortune.
One pushes upward by steps.



When a man is advancing farther and farther, it is important for him not to become intoxicated by success. Precisely when he experiences great success it is necessary to remain sober and not to try to skip any stages; he must go on slowly, step by step, as though hesitant. Only such calm, steady progress, overleaping nothing, leads to the goal.


六四:王用亨于岐山,吉无咎。

Six in the fourth place means:

The king offers him Mount Tj'i.
Good fortune. No blame.



Mount Tj'i is in the western China, the homeland of King Wen, whose son, the Duke of Zhou, added the words to the individual lines. The pronouncement takes us back to a time when the Zhou dynasty was coming into power. At that time King Wen introduced his illustrious helpers to the god of his native mountain, and they received their places in the halls of the ancestors by the side of the ruler. This indicates a stage in which pushing upward attains its goal. One acquires fame in the sight of gods and men, is received into the circle of those who foster the spiritual life of the nation, and thereby attains a significance that endures beyond time.


九三:升虚邑。

Nine in the third place means:

One pushes upward into an empty city.



All obstructions that generally block progress fall away here. Things proceed with remarkable ease. Unhesitatingly one follows this road, in order to profit by one's success. Seen from without, everything seems to be in the best of order. However, no promise of good fortune is added. It is a question how long such unobstructed success can last. But it is wise not to yield to such misgivings, because they only inhibit one's power. Instead, the point is to profit by the propitiousness of time.


九二:孚乃利用禴,无咎。

Nine in the second place means:

If one is sincere,
It furthers one to bring even a small offering.
No blame.



Here a strong man is presupposed. It is true that he does not fit in with his environment, inasmuch as he is too brusque and pays too little attention to form. But as he is upright in character, he meets with response, and his lack of outward form does no harm. Here uprightness is the outcome of sound qualities of character, whereas in the corresponding line of the preceding hexagram it is the result of innate humility.


the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
初六:允升,大吉。

Six at the beginning means:

Pushing upward that meets with confidence
Brings great good fortune



This situation at the beginning of ascent. Just as wood draws strength for its upward push from the root, which in itself is in the lowest place, so the power to rise comes from this low and obscure station. But there is a spiritual affinity with the rulers above, and this solidarity creates the confidence needed to accomplish something.