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易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

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易經
het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:








同人

13. Tong Ren

Fellowship with Men



<
上九:同人于郊,无悔。

Nine at the top means:

Fellowship with men in the meadow.
No remorse.



The warm attachment that springs from the heart is lacking here. We are by this time actually outside of fellowship with others. However, we ally ourselves with them. The fellowship does not include all, but only those who happen to dwell near one another. The meadow is the pasture at the entrance to the town. At this stage, the ultimate goal of the union of mankind has not yet been attained, but we need not reproach ourselves. We join the community without separate aims of our own.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九五:同人,先号啕而后笑。大师克相遇。

Nine at the fifth place means:

Men bound in fellowship first weep and lament,
But afterward they laugh.
After great struggles they succeed in meeting.



Two people are outwardly separated, but in their hearts they are united. They are kept apart by their positions in life. Many difficulties and obstructions arise between them and cause them grief. But, remaining true to each other, the allow nothing to separate them, and although it costs them a severe struggle to overcome the obstacles, they will succeed. When they come together their sadness will change to joy.
Confucius says of this:
Life leads the thoughtful man on a path of many windings.
Now the course is checked, now it runs straight again.
Here winged thoughts may pour freely forth in words,
There the heavy burden of knowledge must be shut away in silence.
But when two people are at one in the inmost hearts,
They shatter even the strength of iron or of bronze.
And when two people understand each other in their inmost hearts,
Their words are sweet and strong, like the fragrance of orchids.
九四:乘其墉,弗克攻,吉。

Nine in the fourth place means:

He climbs up on his wall; he cannot attack.
Good fortune.



Here the reconciliation that follows quarrel mover nearer. It is true that there are still dividing walls on which we stand confronting one another. But the difficulties are too great. We get into straits, and this brings us to our senses. We cannot fight, and therein lies our good fortune.
九三:伏戎于莽,升其高陵,三岁不兴。

Nine in the third place means:

He hides weapons in the thicket;
He climbs the high hill in front of it.
For three years he does not rise up.



Here fellowship has changed about to mistrust. Each man distrusts the other, plans a secret ambush, and seeks to spy on his fellow form afar. We are dealing with an obstinate opponent whom we cannot come at by this method. Obstacles standing in the way of fellowship with others are shown here. One has mental reservations for one's own part and seeks to take his opponent by surprise. This very fact makes one mistrustful, suspecting the same wiles in his opponent and trying to ferret them out. The result is that one departs further and further from true fellowship. The longer this goes on, the more alienated one becomes.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六二:同人于宗,吝。

Six in the second place means:

Fellowship with men in the clan.
Humiliation.



There is danger here of formation of a separate faction on the basis of personal and egotistic interests. Such factions, which are exclusive and, instead of welcoming all men, must condemn one group in order to unite the others, originate from low motives and therefore lead in the course of time to humiliation.
初九:同人于门,无咎。

Nine at the beginning means:

Fellowship with men at the gate.

No blame.



The beginning of union among people should take place before the door. All are equally close to one another. No divergent aims have yet arisen, and one makes not mistakes. The basic principles of any kind of union must be equally accessible to all concerned. Secret agreements bring misfortune.
the Sign of hexagram Fellowship with Men cis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire

The image of the upper trigram Qian is heaven, and that of the lower, Li, is flame. It is the nature of fire to flame up to the heaven. This gives the idea of fellowship. It is the second line that, by virtue of its central character, unites the five strong lines around it. This hexagram forms a complement to Shi, the Army (hexagram 7). In the latter, danger is within and obedience without - the character of a warlike army, which, in order to hold together, needs one strong man among the many who are weak. Here, clarity is within and strength without - the character of a peaceful union of men, which, in order to hold together, needs one yielding nature among many firm persons.

The sequence:
Things cannot be at a standstill forever. Hence there follows the hexagram of Fellowship with Men.

Miscellaneous notes:
Fellowship with men finds love.

The movement of both primary trigrams is upward, hence parallel. In the same way the two nuclear trigrams, Qian and Xun, which together form the hexagram of Coming to Meet (44) indicate fellowship. The lower primary trigram is Li, the sun, fire. Qian, heaven, becomes especially brilliant because fire is given to it.
the Judgement for hexagram Fellowship with Men cis:

同人于野,亨。利涉大川,利君子贞。

Fellowship with Men in the open.
Success.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
The perseverance of the superior man furthers.



True fellowship among men must be based upon a concern that is universal. It is not the private interests of the individual that create lasting fellowship among men, but rather the goals of humanity. That is why it is said that fellowship with men in the open succeeds. If unity of this kind prevails, even difficult and dangerous tasks, such as crossing the great water, can be accomplished. But in order to bring about this sort of fellowship, a persevering and enlightened leader is needed - a man with clear, convincing, and inspiring aims and the strength to carry them out. (The inner trigram means clarity; the outer, strength.)

Commentary on the Decision:

同人,柔得位得中,而应乎乾,曰同人。同人曰,同人于野,亨。利涉大川,乾行也。文明以健,中正而应,君子正也。唯君子为能通天下之志。

Fellowship with Men. The yielding finds its place, finds the middle, and the Creative corresponds with it: this means fellowship with men.
Fellowship with Men means: “Fellowship with men in the open. Success. It furthers one to cross the great water.
”The Creative acts. Order and clarity, in combination with strength; central, correct, and in the relationship of correspondence: this is the correctness of the superior man. Only the superior man is able to unite the wills of all under heaven.



The second line is the yielding element that finds its place in the middle and with which the Creative corresponds. It is to be taken as the representative of the trigram Kun, which has established itself in the second place of Qian. Therefore this line accords with the nature of the earth and of the official.
The phrase “fellowship with men in the open” is also represented by this line, which stands in the place of the field (cf. the nine in the second place in hexagram 1, the Creative). The fellowship here is brought about by the official (not by the ruler), by virtue of his character, not by virtue of the authority of his position. The kind of character capable of bringing this about is delineated in the attributes of the two primary trigrams. Order and clarity are attributes of Li, and strength characterizes Qian. First knowledge, then strength - this is the road to culture.
The superior man, even when placed where he serves, fills this position correctly and unselfishly and finds the support he needs in his ruler, the representative of the heavenly principle. The will of men under heaven is represented by Li (which means enlightened will) beneath Qian, heaven.
Crossing of the great water is indicated by the nuclear trigram Xun, which means wood and gives rise to the idea of a ship.
the Image going with hexagram Fellowship with Men cis:

天与火,同人;君子以类族辨物。

Heaven together with fire:
The image of Fellowship with Men.
Thus the superior man organizes the clans
And makes distinctions between things.



Heaven has the same direction of movement as fire, yet it is different from fire. Just as the luminaries in the sky serve for the systematic division and arrangement of time, so human society and all things that really belong together must be organically arranged. Fellowship should not be a mere mingling of individuals or of things - that would be chaos, not fellowship. If fellowship is to lead to order, there must be organization within diversity.




the nuclear hexagram:

44. Gou
Coming to Meet

b
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Xun , the Gentle, the wind

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven
   below Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire

The image of the upper trigram Qian is heaven, and that of the lower, Li, is flame. It is the nature of fire to flame up to the heaven. This gives the idea of fellowship. It is the second line that, by virtue of its central character, unites the five strong lines around it. This hexagram forms a complement to Shi, the Army (hexagram 7). In the latter, danger is within and obedience without - the character of a warlike army, which, in order to hold together, needs one strong man among the many who are weak. Here, clarity is within and strength without - the character of a peaceful union of men, which, in order to hold together, needs one yielding nature among many firm persons.

The sequence:
Things cannot be at a standstill forever. Hence there follows the hexagram of Fellowship with Men.

Miscellaneous notes:
Fellowship with men finds love.

The movement of both primary trigrams is upward, hence parallel. In the same way the two nuclear trigrams, Qian and Xun, which together form the hexagram of Coming to Meet (44) indicate fellowship. The lower primary trigram is Li, the sun, fire. Qian, heaven, becomes especially brilliant because fire is given to it.


the Judgement:

同人于野,亨。利涉大川,利君子贞。

Fellowship with Men in the open.
Success.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
The perseverance of the superior man furthers.



True fellowship among men must be based upon a concern that is universal. It is not the private interests of the individual that create lasting fellowship among men, but rather the goals of humanity. That is why it is said that fellowship with men in the open succeeds. If unity of this kind prevails, even difficult and dangerous tasks, such as crossing the great water, can be accomplished. But in order to bring about this sort of fellowship, a persevering and enlightened leader is needed - a man with clear, convincing, and inspiring aims and the strength to carry them out. (The inner trigram means clarity; the outer, strength.)

Commentary on the Decision:

同人,柔得位得中,而应乎乾,曰同人。同人曰,同人于野,亨。利涉大川,乾行也。文明以健,中正而应,君子正也。唯君子为能通天下之志。

Fellowship with Men. The yielding finds its place, finds the middle, and the Creative corresponds with it: this means fellowship with men.
Fellowship with Men means: “Fellowship with men in the open. Success. It furthers one to cross the great water.
”The Creative acts. Order and clarity, in combination with strength; central, correct, and in the relationship of correspondence: this is the correctness of the superior man. Only the superior man is able to unite the wills of all under heaven.



The second line is the yielding element that finds its place in the middle and with which the Creative corresponds. It is to be taken as the representative of the trigram Kun, which has established itself in the second place of Qian. Therefore this line accords with the nature of the earth and of the official.
The phrase “fellowship with men in the open” is also represented by this line, which stands in the place of the field (cf. the nine in the second place in hexagram 1, the Creative). The fellowship here is brought about by the official (not by the ruler), by virtue of his character, not by virtue of the authority of his position. The kind of character capable of bringing this about is delineated in the attributes of the two primary trigrams. Order and clarity are attributes of Li, and strength characterizes Qian. First knowledge, then strength - this is the road to culture.
The superior man, even when placed where he serves, fills this position correctly and unselfishly and finds the support he needs in his ruler, the representative of the heavenly principle. The will of men under heaven is represented by Li (which means enlightened will) beneath Qian, heaven.
Crossing of the great water is indicated by the nuclear trigram Xun, which means wood and gives rise to the idea of a ship.


the Image:

天与火,同人;君子以类族辨物。

Heaven together with fire:
The image of Fellowship with Men.
Thus the superior man organizes the clans
And makes distinctions between things.



Heaven has the same direction of movement as fire, yet it is different from fire. Just as the luminaries in the sky serve for the systematic division and arrangement of time, so human society and all things that really belong together must be organically arranged. Fellowship should not be a mere mingling of individuals or of things - that would be chaos, not fellowship. If fellowship is to lead to order, there must be organization within diversity.


the Lines:


上九:同人于郊,无悔。

Nine at the top means:

Fellowship with men in the meadow.
No remorse.



The warm attachment that springs from the heart is lacking here. We are by this time actually outside of fellowship with others. However, we ally ourselves with them. The fellowship does not include all, but only those who happen to dwell near one another. The meadow is the pasture at the entrance to the town. At this stage, the ultimate goal of the union of mankind has not yet been attained, but we need not reproach ourselves. We join the community without separate aims of our own.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
九五:同人,先号啕而后笑。大师克相遇。

Nine at the fifth place means:

Men bound in fellowship first weep and lament,
But afterward they laugh.
After great struggles they succeed in meeting.



Two people are outwardly separated, but in their hearts they are united. They are kept apart by their positions in life. Many difficulties and obstructions arise between them and cause them grief. But, remaining true to each other, the allow nothing to separate them, and although it costs them a severe struggle to overcome the obstacles, they will succeed. When they come together their sadness will change to joy.
Confucius says of this:
Life leads the thoughtful man on a path of many windings.
Now the course is checked, now it runs straight again.
Here winged thoughts may pour freely forth in words,
There the heavy burden of knowledge must be shut away in silence.
But when two people are at one in the inmost hearts,
They shatter even the strength of iron or of bronze.
And when two people understand each other in their inmost hearts,
Their words are sweet and strong, like the fragrance of orchids.


九四:乘其墉,弗克攻,吉。

Nine in the fourth place means:

He climbs up on his wall; he cannot attack.
Good fortune.



Here the reconciliation that follows quarrel mover nearer. It is true that there are still dividing walls on which we stand confronting one another. But the difficulties are too great. We get into straits, and this brings us to our senses. We cannot fight, and therein lies our good fortune.


九三:伏戎于莽,升其高陵,三岁不兴。

Nine in the third place means:

He hides weapons in the thicket;
He climbs the high hill in front of it.
For three years he does not rise up.



Here fellowship has changed about to mistrust. Each man distrusts the other, plans a secret ambush, and seeks to spy on his fellow form afar. We are dealing with an obstinate opponent whom we cannot come at by this method. Obstacles standing in the way of fellowship with others are shown here. One has mental reservations for one's own part and seeks to take his opponent by surprise. This very fact makes one mistrustful, suspecting the same wiles in his opponent and trying to ferret them out. The result is that one departs further and further from true fellowship. The longer this goes on, the more alienated one becomes.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六二:同人于宗,吝。

Six in the second place means:

Fellowship with men in the clan.
Humiliation.



There is danger here of formation of a separate faction on the basis of personal and egotistic interests. Such factions, which are exclusive and, instead of welcoming all men, must condemn one group in order to unite the others, originate from low motives and therefore lead in the course of time to humiliation.


初九:同人于门,无咎。

Nine at the beginning means:

Fellowship with men at the gate.

No blame.



The beginning of union among people should take place before the door. All are equally close to one another. No divergent aims have yet arisen, and one makes not mistakes. The basic principles of any kind of union must be equally accessible to all concerned. Secret agreements bring misfortune.