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Fu Xi Earlier Heaven bagua arrangement
易經
the Hexagrams, Index

In case you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex page.

Ancient Chinese coins

易經
het Hexagrammenboek

In case you prefer to ask a question or if you like to read a specific hexagram, then use this idex.






Table 1,

Select a hexagram by combining the trigrams:


Trigrammemindeling
Trigrammemindeling


Table 2,

Select a hexagram from the drop-down list.
The hexagrams are ordered by number:









41. Sun

Decrease



<
the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
上九:弗损益之,无咎,贞吉,有攸往,得臣无家。

Nine at the top means:

If one is increased without depriving other,
There is no blame.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
It furthers one to undertake something.
One obtains servants
But no longer has a separate home.



There are people who dispense blessings to the whole world. Every increase in power that comes to them benefits the whole of mankind and therefore does not bring decrease to others. Through perseverance and zealous work a man wins success and finds helpers as they are needed. But what he accomplishes is not a limited private advantage; it is a public good and available to everyone.
the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:或益之,十朋之龟弗克违,元吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

Someone does indeed increase him.
Ten pairs of tortoises cannot oppose it.
Supreme good fortune.



If someone is marked out by fate for good fortune, it comes without fail. All oracles - as for instance those that are read from the shells of tortoises - are bound to concur in giving him favorable signs. He need fear nothing, because his luck is ordained from on high.
六四:损其疾,使遄有喜,无咎。

Six in the fourth place means:

If a man deceases his faults,
It makes the other hasten to come and rejoice.
No blame.



A man's faults often prevent even well-disposed people from coming closer to him. His faults are sometimes reinforced by the environment in which he lives. But if in humility he can bring himself to the point of giving them up, he frees his well-disposed friends from an inner pressure and causes them to approach the more quickly, and there is mutual joy.
the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
六三:三人行,则损一人;一人行,则得其友。

Six in the third place means:

When three people journey together,
Their number increases by one.
When one man journeys alone,
He finds a companion.



When there are three people together, jealousy arises. One of them will have to go. Avery close bond is possible only between two people. But when one man is lonely, he is certain to find a companion who complements him.
九二:利贞,征凶,弗损,益之。

Nine in the second place means:

Perseverance furthers.
To undertake something brings misfortune.
Without decreasing oneself,
One is able to bring increase to others.



A high-minded self-awareness and a consistent seriousness with no forfeit of dignity are necessary if a man wants to be of service to others. He who throw himself away in order to do the bidding of a superior diminishes his own position without thereby giving lasting benefit to the other. This is wrong. To render true service of lasting value to another, one must serve him without relinquishing oneself.
初九:巳事遄往,无咎,酌损之。

Nine at the beginning means:

Going quickly when one's tasks are finished
Is without blame.
But one must reflect on how much one may decrease others.



It is unselfish and good when a man, after completing his own urgent tasks, uses his strength in the service of others, and without bragging or making much of it, helps quickly where help is needed. But the man in a superior position who is thus aided must weigh carefully how much he can accept without doing the helpful servant or friend real harm. Only where such delicacy of feeling exists can one give oneself unconditionally and without hesitation.
the Sign of hexagram Decrease yis:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

This hexagram represents a decrease of the lower trigram in favor of the upper, because the third line, originally strong, has moved up to the top, and the top line, originally weak, has replaced it. What is below is decreased to the benefit of what is above. This is out-and-out decrease. If the foundations of a building are decreased in strength and the upper walls are strengthened, the whole structure loves its stability. Likewise, a decrease in the prosperity of the people in favor of the government is out-and-out decrease. And the entire theme of the hexagram is directed to showing how this shift of wealth can take place without causing the sources of wealth can take place without causing the sources of wealth in the nation and its lower classes to fail.

The sequence:
Through release of tension something is sure to be lost. Hence there follows the hexagram of Decrease.

Miscellaneous notes:
The hexagrams of Decrease and Increase are the beginning of flowering and of decline.

This hexagram consists of Dui below and Gen above. The depth of the lake is decreased in favor of the height of the mountain. The top line of the lower trigram is decreased in favor of the top line of the upper trigram. In both cases, what is (below is decreased in favor of what is above, and this means out-and-out decrease.
When decrease has reached its goal, flowering is sure to begin. Hence Decrease is the beginning of flowering, as Increase, through fullness, ushers in decline.

Appended judgments:
Decrease shows the cultivation of character. It shows first what is difficult and then what is easy. Thus it keeps harm away.
the Judgement for hexagram Decrease yis:

损:有孚,元吉,无咎,可贞,利有攸往。曷之用,二簋可用享。

Decrease combined with sincerity
Brings about supreme good fortune
Without blame.
One may be persevering in this.
It furthers one to undertake something.
How is this to be carried out?
One may use two small bowls for the sacrifice.



Decrease does not under all circumstances mean something bad. Increase and decrease come in their own time. What matters here is to understand the time and not to try to cover up poverty with empty pretense. If a time of scanty resources brings out an inner truth, one must not feel ashamed of simplicity. For simplicity is then the very thing needed to provide inner strength for further undertakings. Indeed, there need by no concern if the outward beauty of the civilization, even the elaboration of religious forms, should have to suffer because of simplicity. One must draw on the strength of the inner attitude to compensate for what is lacking in externals; then the power of the content makes up for the simplicity of form. There is no need of presenting false appearances to God. Even with slender means, the sentiment of the heart can be expressed.

Commentary on the Decision:

损,损下益上,其道上行。损而有孚,元吉,无咎,可贞,利有攸往。曷之用?二簋可用享;二簋应有时。损刚益柔有时,损益盈虚,与时偕行。

Decrease. What is below is decreased, what is above is increased; the direction of the way is upward.
“Decrease combined with sincerity brings about supreme good fortune without blame. One may be persevering in this. It furthers one to undertake something. How is this to be carried out? One may use two small bowls for the sacrifice.”
“Two small bowls” is in accord with the time. There is a time for decreasing the firm, and a time for increasing the yielding. In decreasing and increasing, in being full and being empty, one must go with the time.



The firm top line of the lower trigram is decreased, that is, replaced by a yielding line; at the same time, the yielding top line of the upper trigram is increased, that is, replaced by a strong line, and this strong line makes its way upward. The upper element is enriched at the expense of the lower. Those below bring a sacrifice to the ruler. If this sacrifice is offered sincerely it is not wrong; rather, it results in success and all things desirable. Nor is thrift then a disgrace. All that matters is that things should happen at the right time.
the Image going with hexagram Decrease yis:

山下有泽,损;君子以惩忿窒欲。

At the foot of the mountain, the lake:
The image of Decrease.
Thus the superior man controls his anger
And restrains his instincts.



The lake at the foot of the mountain evaporates. In this way it decreases to the benefit of the mountain, which is enriched by its moisture. The mountain stands as the symbol of stubborn strength that can harden into anger. The lake is the symbol of unchecked gaiety that can develop into passionate drives at the expense of the life forces. Therefore decrease is necessary; anger must be decreased by keeping still, the instincts must be curbed by restriction. By this decrease of the lower powers of the psyche, the higher aspects of the soul are enriched.




the nuclear hexagram:

24. Fu
Return (the Turning Point)

6
the Sign:

the primary trigrams:
   above Trigram Gen , Keeping Still, the mountain
   below Trigram Dui , Trigram Dui, the Joyous, the lake

the nuclear trigrams:
   above Trigram Kun , the Receptive, the earth
   below Trigram Zhen , the Arousing, the thunder

the enveloping trigrams:
   above Trigram Li , the Clinging, the fire
   below Trigram Qian , the Creative, the heaven

This hexagram represents a decrease of the lower trigram in favor of the upper, because the third line, originally strong, has moved up to the top, and the top line, originally weak, has replaced it. What is below is decreased to the benefit of what is above. This is out-and-out decrease. If the foundations of a building are decreased in strength and the upper walls are strengthened, the whole structure loves its stability. Likewise, a decrease in the prosperity of the people in favor of the government is out-and-out decrease. And the entire theme of the hexagram is directed to showing how this shift of wealth can take place without causing the sources of wealth can take place without causing the sources of wealth in the nation and its lower classes to fail.

The sequence:
Through release of tension something is sure to be lost. Hence there follows the hexagram of Decrease.

Miscellaneous notes:
The hexagrams of Decrease and Increase are the beginning of flowering and of decline.

This hexagram consists of Dui below and Gen above. The depth of the lake is decreased in favor of the height of the mountain. The top line of the lower trigram is decreased in favor of the top line of the upper trigram. In both cases, what is (below is decreased in favor of what is above, and this means out-and-out decrease.
When decrease has reached its goal, flowering is sure to begin. Hence Decrease is the beginning of flowering, as Increase, through fullness, ushers in decline.

Appended judgments:
Decrease shows the cultivation of character. It shows first what is difficult and then what is easy. Thus it keeps harm away.


the Judgement:

损:有孚,元吉,无咎,可贞,利有攸往。曷之用,二簋可用享。

Decrease combined with sincerity
Brings about supreme good fortune
Without blame.
One may be persevering in this.
It furthers one to undertake something.
How is this to be carried out?
One may use two small bowls for the sacrifice.



Decrease does not under all circumstances mean something bad. Increase and decrease come in their own time. What matters here is to understand the time and not to try to cover up poverty with empty pretense. If a time of scanty resources brings out an inner truth, one must not feel ashamed of simplicity. For simplicity is then the very thing needed to provide inner strength for further undertakings. Indeed, there need by no concern if the outward beauty of the civilization, even the elaboration of religious forms, should have to suffer because of simplicity. One must draw on the strength of the inner attitude to compensate for what is lacking in externals; then the power of the content makes up for the simplicity of form. There is no need of presenting false appearances to God. Even with slender means, the sentiment of the heart can be expressed.

Commentary on the Decision:

损,损下益上,其道上行。损而有孚,元吉,无咎,可贞,利有攸往。曷之用?二簋可用享;二簋应有时。损刚益柔有时,损益盈虚,与时偕行。

Decrease. What is below is decreased, what is above is increased; the direction of the way is upward.
“Decrease combined with sincerity brings about supreme good fortune without blame. One may be persevering in this. It furthers one to undertake something. How is this to be carried out? One may use two small bowls for the sacrifice.”
“Two small bowls” is in accord with the time. There is a time for decreasing the firm, and a time for increasing the yielding. In decreasing and increasing, in being full and being empty, one must go with the time.



The firm top line of the lower trigram is decreased, that is, replaced by a yielding line; at the same time, the yielding top line of the upper trigram is increased, that is, replaced by a strong line, and this strong line makes its way upward. The upper element is enriched at the expense of the lower. Those below bring a sacrifice to the ruler. If this sacrifice is offered sincerely it is not wrong; rather, it results in success and all things desirable. Nor is thrift then a disgrace. All that matters is that things should happen at the right time.


the Image:

山下有泽,损;君子以惩忿窒欲。

At the foot of the mountain, the lake:
The image of Decrease.
Thus the superior man controls his anger
And restrains his instincts.



The lake at the foot of the mountain evaporates. In this way it decreases to the benefit of the mountain, which is enriched by its moisture. The mountain stands as the symbol of stubborn strength that can harden into anger. The lake is the symbol of unchecked gaiety that can develop into passionate drives at the expense of the life forces. Therefore decrease is necessary; anger must be decreased by keeping still, the instincts must be curbed by restriction. By this decrease of the lower powers of the psyche, the higher aspects of the soul are enriched.


the Lines:


the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
上九:弗损益之,无咎,贞吉,有攸往,得臣无家。

Nine at the top means:

If one is increased without depriving other,
There is no blame.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
It furthers one to undertake something.
One obtains servants
But no longer has a separate home.



There are people who dispense blessings to the whole world. Every increase in power that comes to them benefits the whole of mankind and therefore does not bring decrease to others. Through perseverance and zealous work a man wins success and finds helpers as they are needed. But what he accomplishes is not a limited private advantage; it is a public good and available to everyone.


the yellow circle is indicating this line as the governing ruler of the hexagram
六五:或益之,十朋之龟弗克违,元吉。

Six in the fifth place means:

Someone does indeed increase him.
Ten pairs of tortoises cannot oppose it.
Supreme good fortune.



If someone is marked out by fate for good fortune, it comes without fail. All oracles - as for instance those that are read from the shells of tortoises - are bound to concur in giving him favorable signs. He need fear nothing, because his luck is ordained from on high.


六四:损其疾,使遄有喜,无咎。

Six in the fourth place means:

If a man deceases his faults,
It makes the other hasten to come and rejoice.
No blame.



A man's faults often prevent even well-disposed people from coming closer to him. His faults are sometimes reinforced by the environment in which he lives. But if in humility he can bring himself to the point of giving them up, he frees his well-disposed friends from an inner pressure and causes them to approach the more quickly, and there is mutual joy.


the yellow square is indicating this line as the constituting ruler of the hexagram
六三:三人行,则损一人;一人行,则得其友。

Six in the third place means:

When three people journey together,
Their number increases by one.
When one man journeys alone,
He finds a companion.



When there are three people together, jealousy arises. One of them will have to go. Avery close bond is possible only between two people. But when one man is lonely, he is certain to find a companion who complements him.


九二:利贞,征凶,弗损,益之。

Nine in the second place means:

Perseverance furthers.
To undertake something brings misfortune.
Without decreasing oneself,
One is able to bring increase to others.



A high-minded self-awareness and a consistent seriousness with no forfeit of dignity are necessary if a man wants to be of service to others. He who throw himself away in order to do the bidding of a superior diminishes his own position without thereby giving lasting benefit to the other. This is wrong. To render true service of lasting value to another, one must serve him without relinquishing oneself.


初九:巳事遄往,无咎,酌损之。

Nine at the beginning means:

Going quickly when one's tasks are finished
Is without blame.
But one must reflect on how much one may decrease others.



It is unselfish and good when a man, after completing his own urgent tasks, uses his strength in the service of others, and without bragging or making much of it, helps quickly where help is needed. But the man in a superior position who is thus aided must weigh carefully how much he can accept without doing the helpful servant or friend real harm. Only where such delicacy of feeling exists can one give oneself unconditionally and without hesitation.